Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles

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This image is a composite of several types of radiation astronomy: radio, infrared, visual, ultraviolet, soft and hard X-ray. Credit: NASA.

The course objective is to provide students with the principles of radiation astronomy. At the end of the course, a student should have a well-rounded knowledge of astronomy, radiation, and observational and theoretical astronomy, each as they apply to radiation sources in the sky especially at night.

The course is built upon the ongoing research performed by astronomers around the world and in the not so empty space above the Earth's atmosphere.

In line with the Wikiversity ideal of learning by doing are sixteen laboratory opportunities, an equal number of problem sets at several levels, and participatory lessons. To present a wide variety of concepts within radiation astronomy, there are forty-eight lectures which are also partly articles as references from the scholarly literature are included to challenge the student and open doors to further curiosity. Some sixteen supplemental quiz section lectures/articles are included for additional learning.

The course material is layered from a primary/secondary level, to a university/tertiary level, and topped off with an introduction to research of which some is here at Wikiversity. A label indicating the education level may not be present for each resource.

The general subject area is astronomy. This includes knowledge of physics, chemistry, geography, history, and other subjects.

In some instances your interaction and responses may be used for research purposes. Your username and/or other identifiers are not included. If the resource itself is also being used for research purposes you will see the icon: Bob, the guinea pig.jpg. If your actions have been used for research purposes, this little icon may appear on your user talk page.

Prerequisites[edit]

Although a working knowledge of calculus and physics is beneficial, most concepts presented require only an understanding of algebra. Additional learning resources are also provided through the course to increase a student's background knowledge.

Completion levels[edit]

This course is dynamic, but may also be taken as a semester offering by Wikiversity, see the syllabus for the next formal class period.

Lectures and quizzes may have a level of completion icon following it based on ≥ 100 kb equals 100 %, or 100 questions is 100 %, the midterm and final are based on 300 questions equals 100 %:

  1. This resource is a stub, which means that pretty well nothing has been done yet. 0-5%. Smiley green alien cry.svg
  2. This resource is just getting off the ground. Please feel welcome to help! 6-15%. Tulliana launch.png
  3. Been started, but most of the work is still to be done - 16-30%. SYawning.svg
  4. About halfway there. You may help to clarify and expand it - 31-45%. Face-blush.svg
  5. Almost complete, but you can help make it more thorough - 46-60%. Nuvola apps kcontrol.gif
  6. Ready for testing by learners and teachers. Please begin! 61-75%. Sweden road sign A10.svg
  7. This resource is considered to be ready for use - 76-90%. Emblem-extra-cool.svgR
  8. This resource has reached a high level of completion - 91-100%. Emblem-extra-cool.svgC

All resources have been completed in time for students taking the course during any semester. Updates to any resource that do not affect course content may occur at any time. Other updates may occur either with appropriate notices or where the subsequent update is incorporated in any subsequent hourly, midterm or final quiz. Additional content revisions or updates will occur between semester offerings.

A completion icon may not be present for resources already at 100 %.

Lecture or article changes that affect content after the beginning of a semester are not included in that term's requirements:

  1. Rocky objects described in Meteorites that are not meteorites or the product of meteorite falls or strikes are being removed as they are duplicates of material already in the course. Students are responsible for this material where it occurs outside the meteorites lecture/article.

Lectures[edit]

Each set of three lectures are associated with the learning-by-doing laboratory experiences, mini-lectures plus quizzes for the student to test their learning progress with some additional information, 2-3 lengthier exams often referred to as 'hourlies' (may take an hour to work through at a timed pace), a mid-term exam which is all-encompassing for the first half, and a final exam over the entire course material. The examinations are designed to be taken iteratively as many times as the student desires to achieve a thorough working knowledge of the subject.

Quiz section lectures[edit]

Lectures under development for likely inclusion[edit]

Lectures under development for possible inclusion[edit]

Laboratories[edit]

For the course, sixteen laboratories should be completed. Examinations containing information from any laboratory will list it.

Lessons[edit]

Lessons are participatory original research projects. They are part of the history of science and only require some skills in map reading and comparison and contrast. Some familiarity with literature searching such as on Wikipedia, SIMBAD, or the web is beneficial and included in the instructions.

Problem sets[edit]

Under development:

  1. Lenses and focal length Smiley green alien cry.svg
  2. Neutrino emissions Smiley green alien cry.svg

Quizzes[edit]

The quizzes may be rated by number of questions, with 100 questions being a high level of completion, even though some are at lower numbers of questions.

Hourlies[edit]

  1. Hourly - Lectures 1-16
  2. Hourly - Lectures 17-32
  3. Hourly - Lectures 33-48

Midterm examination[edit]

Final examination[edit]

Alternate examinations that may be used by your college or university for credit (and a grade) in this course will be available from Wikiversity by courier for closed proctored session testing of proficiency.

Syllabus[edit]

While this course may be taken in any order by each student, it may also be taken during a specific calendar period comparable to a university semester such as from January through May or August through December.

Consult the syllabus for the weekly schedule.

Next semester offering:[edit]

First full week in January 2017 through May 2017. Principles of radiation astronomy/Syllabus/Spring

Ongoing semester offering:[edit]

Second full week in August 2016 through December 2016. Principles of radiation astronomy/Syllabus/Fall

Weekly lectures[edit]

Each full week one lecture on each Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. Three lectures in the order indicated in the template Principles of radiation astronomy at the page bottom.

Weekly laboratories[edit]

One laboratory opportunity is to be attempted for each of the sixteen weeks and is due at the beginning of the following week.

Each laboratory opportunity is to be started on Tuesday with the lab report due the following Tuesday.

Weekly lessons[edit]

The lessons are once a week beginning on Thursday and the report is due the following Thursday. Contributions to the online lesson are voluntary. Student does so being aware that the information once contributed is as "Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply." Note online contributions in lesson report.

Weekly problem sets[edit]

Problem sets are to be started on Thursday with the written answers showing work due the following Thursday.

Quiz sections[edit]

Each Tuesday has a quiz section mini-lecture.

In the Thursday quiz section, the quiz for the mini-lecture is to be taken.

Problem sets and lesson contributions are due at the beginning of the Thursday quiz section.

Entities[edit]

  1. Several courses could be offered dealing with radiation astronomy.
  2. A dynamic-only course could be offered dealing with specific radiation astronomies or potential radiation astronomies.

Student participation[edit]

For the period 8/17 to 9/16/2014, a minimum of 20 unregistered students is viewing or reading each resource in the fall presentation of the course. A maximum number of 1126 hit the radiation astronomy keynote lecture of 9/8/2014. This assumes each student hit the resource only once during the period.

Radiation astronomy, which has no direct comparison on Wikipedia, had 2,123 for the period. This is comparable to a special astronomy on Wikipedia, see below.

As a cross-wiki comparison,

  1. X-ray astronomy on Wikipedia had 3,315 hits versus 172-193,
  2. Astronomy had 362-368 versus Astronomy on Wikipedia had 51,445-54,120,
  3. Ultraviolet astronomy had 1,256-1,288 on Wikipedia versus 181-198 on Wikiversity,
  4. Gamma-ray astronomy 1,967-1,857 on Wikipedia versus 285-292,
  5. Astrophysics 27,988-26,607 on Wikipedia versus 164-165, and
  6. Planetary science 4,377-4,237 on Wikipedia versus 168-174.

Projects:

  1. 2015 29. 39138 Radiation astronomy, includes all subpages
  2. 2015 49. 27083 Astronomy, includes all subpages

Course participation:

  1. 2014 144. 9999 Mathematical astronomy
  2. 2015 218. 7830 Astronomy/Mathematics
  3. 2014 231. 7043 Principles of Radiation Astronomy
  4. 2014 234. 7025 Radiation detectors
  5. 2014 275. 6254 Gamma-ray astronomy
  6. 2014 353. 5215 Radiation astronomy
  7. 2014 401. 4623 Astronomy
  8. 2015 403. 4431 Principles of Radiation Astronomy
  9. 2015 434. 4118 Astronomy
  10. 2015 506. 3863 Meteorites
  11. 2015 518. 3515 Mathematical astronomy
  12. 2014 567. 3505 Cosmic-ray astronomy
  13. 2015 583. 3135 Radiation astronomy
  14. 2014 595. 3406 Blue astronomy
  15. 2014 604. 3367 Neutrino astronomy
  16. 2014 612. 3349 Galaxies
  17. 2014 667. 3146 Regional astronomy
  18. 2014 680. 3092 X-ray astronomy
  19. 2014 694. 3050 Proton astronomy
  20. 2014 699. 3029 Ultraviolet astronomy
  21. 2014 715. 2978 Optical astronomy
  22. 2014 726. 2931 Neutron astronomy
  23. 2015 736. 2301 Radiation astronomy/Detectors
  24. 2014 738. 2882 Violet astronomy
  25. 2015 738. 2279 Intergalactic medium
  26. 2015 739. 2272 Radiation detectors
  27. 2015 753. 2180 Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles/Syllabus/Spring
  28. 2014 769. 2801 Source astronomy
  29. 2015 794. 1991 Proton astronomy
  30. 2014 810. 2695 Positron astronomy
  31. 2014 873. 2549 Crater astronomy
  32. 2015 878. 1635 Planetary science
  33. 2014 883. 2631 Visual astronomy
  34. 2014 895. 2511 Interstellar medium
  35. 2014 897. 2511 Theoretical astronomy
  36. 2014 921. 2436 Interplanetary medium
  37. 2014 943. 2379 Lofting technology
  38. 2015 947. 1385 Astrophysics
  39. 2014 951. 2369 Radiation telescopes
  40. 2015 965. 1336 Stellar science
  41. 2014 968. 2323 Astrophysics
  42. 2015 971. 1314 Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles/Syllabus/Fall
  43. 2014 983. 2305 Intergalactic medium
  44. 2014 984. 2304 Principles of Radiation Astronomy/Syllabus
  45. 2015 985. 1264 Planets/Quiz
  46. 2015 987. 1262 Saturn
  47. 2014 994. 2280 Radiation geography

The top 100 learning projects for 2015 (through October), includes all pages and subpages, concerning the course are

  1. 29. 39138 - Radiation astronomy, with 106 subpages.
  2. 49. 27083 - Astronomy, with 40 subpages.

The ranking of astronomy resources in this course during 2015 of the top 1000 in number of hits here at Wikiversity are

  1. 218. 7830 - Astronomy/Mathematics or Mathematical astronomy
  2. 403. 4431 - Principles of Radiation Astronomy
  3. 434. 4118 - Astronomy
  4. 518. 3515 - Mathematical astronomy
  5. 583. 3135 - Radiation astronomy
  6. 652. 2823 - Classical planets
  7. 736. 2301 - Radiation astronomy/Detectors or Radiation detectors
  8. 738. 2279 - Intergalactic medium
  9. 739. 2272 - Radiation detectors
  10. 753. 2180 - Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles/Syllabus/Spring
  11. 794. 1991 - Proton astronomy
  12. 878. 1635 - Planetary science
  13. 947. 1385 - Astrophysics
  14. 965. 1336 - Stellar science
  15. 971. 1314 - Radiation astronomy/Courses/Principles/Syllabus/Fall
  16. 993. 1236 - Classical planets/Quiz

Those astronomy resources not specifically a part of the course are

  1. 322. 5382 - School:Physics and Astronomy
  2. 908. 1542 - Natural electric field of the Earth
  3. 950. 1372 - Planets
  4. 985. 1264 - Planets/Quiz
  5. 987. 1262 - Saturn
  6. 995. 1236 - Planets around other stars
  7. 998. 1233 - Category:Introduction to the Planets
  8. 999. 1233 - Introduction to the Planets

For 2014 a maximum number of 5215[1] hit the keynote lecture Radiation astronomy.

The top 100 learning projects for 2014, includes all pages and subpages, concerning the course were none.

The ranking of astronomy resources in this course, or often mentioned, of the top 1000 here at Wikiversity are

  1. 144. 9999 - Mathematical astronomy
  2. 226. 7135 - Stellar science
  3. 231. 7043 - Principles of radiation astronomy
  4. 234. 7025 - Radiation detectors
  5. 275. 6254 - Gamma-ray astronomy
  6. 353. 5215 - Radiation astronomy
  7. 401. 4623 - Astronomy
  8. 506. 3863 - Meteorites
  9. 567. 3505 - Cosmic-ray astronomy
  10. 595. 3406 - Blue astronomy
  11. 604. 3367 - Neutrino astronomy
  12. 612. 3349 - Galaxies
  13. 642. 3259 - Electron astronomy
  14. 667. 3146 - Regional astronomy
  15. 680. 3092 - X-ray astronomy
  16. 694. 3050 - Proton astronomy
  17. 699. 3029 - Ultraviolet astronomy
  18. 715. 2978 - Optical astronomy
  19. 726. 2931 - Neutron astronomy
  20. 734. 2899 - Template talk:Astronomy resources
  21. 738. 2882 - Violet astronomy
  22. 769. 2801 - Source astronomy
  23. 810. 2695 - Positron astronomy
  24. 873. 2549 - Crater astronomy
  25. 883. 2531 - Visual astronomy
  26. 895. 2511 - Interstellar medium
  27. 897. 2511 - Theoretical astronomy
  28. 921. 2436 - Interplanetary medium
  29. 943. 2379 - Lofting technology
  30. 951. 2369 - Radiation telescopes
  31. 968. 2323 - Astrophysics
  32. 983. 2305 - Intergalactic medium
  33. 984. 2304 - Principles of Radiation Astronomy/Syllabus
  34. 994. 2280 - Radiation geography

Those astronomy resources not specifically a part of the course are

  1. 302. 5933 - School:Physics and Astronomy
  2. 734. 2899 - Template talk:Astronomy resources
  3. 814. 2683 - Astronomy Project
  4. 835. 2638 - Moon
  5. 963. 2338 - Portal:Physics and Astronomy

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Dave Braunschweig (January 5, 2015). "Wikiversity:Statistics/2014, In: Wikiversity". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 2016-01-27. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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