Portal:GreySmith Institute new/About18

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Cyto-Chemistry Lab[edit | edit source]

The main difference between the bio-chemistry of the Neuron and the cyto-chemistry of neurons lies in whether we are looking into the cell, or looking at the environment around the cells. Cyto-chemistry seems to be based mostly on the chemistry of the surrounding environment, such as the immune system, as such, mechanisms like immune-assays, and chemistry dependent on anti-bodies, is based outside the cell, even though it might be used to understand the biochemistry inside the cell.

With Cyto-chemistry we can introduce a chemical to an organism, and use its immune response to create antibodies that can be used to detect the presence of that chemical in another animal. For instance we could introduce a particular ion channel protein into an animal that has an intact immune system but doesn't have that particular ion channel, and use the antibodies generated to selectively detect that ion channel in neurons in another animal.

By extension we could create anti-body based chips that trigger chemical reactions when an antibody detects a particular chemical, and use the chemical reaction to trigger luminescence thus making the detection visible. Such a chip would be called an immune-assay. These can be used for detection of disease, or for detection of ion channels or even neuro-transmitters in a puree of neuron.