Physical fitness is the ability to be physically active. A person is physically fit if he or she can pass tests designed to measure physical performance. Such tests are necessary for some occupations, such as soldiers and firefighters.
Physical fitness has two components: general fitness (a state of health and well-being) and specific fitness (the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations ).
The President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports — a study group sponsored by the United States Government — declines to offer a simple definition of physical fitness. Instead, it developed the following chart:
Accordingly, a general-purpose physical fitness program must address those issues.
As adults grow older, emphasis should be placed on fitness in order to maintain health, independence and functionality. When designing an exercise program for older adults, a gentle warm up will be crucial in preventing exercise-induced injuries.
It is also recommended that older adults exercise at low or moderate intensity for longer periods of time rather than vigorous intensity.
There is also another approach presented in UPSTREAM FITNESS technique which advises just the opposite to what was recommended above, namely: want to stay young - act like one.
↑Mazzeo, R. S., & Tanaka, H. (2001, August). Exercise prescription for the elderly: Current recommendations. Sports Medicine,31(11), 809-818.
↑Pate RR, Pratt M, Blair SN, et al. Physical activity and public health: a recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine. JAMA 1995; 273 (5): 402-7.