Photon
Contents
Photon source[edit]

Electromagnetic wave radiation Coil of N turns Sun Celestial planet Electric light Light bulb
Photon's chracteristics[edit]
Photon is energy of a Quanta that travels as electromagnetic wave at speed of light
With
  Photon
  frequency of photon's wave
  angular frequency of photon's wave
  Planck's constant
Photon's State[edit]
Photon is observed to exist in 2 states
Radiant Photon exists at frequency process the following identities
Non radiant Photon exists at frequency
Uncertainty of Photon's state Photon exists in 2 states at specific frequency . The chance to find one of its state (successful rate of finding photon) is 1/2 where h = p λ . h and p do not change, only wavelength changes with frequency . Hence, Uncertainty principle
Photon cannot exist in 2 states at the same time
Mathematically, Uncertainty principle can be expressed as
Photon's Quantization[edit]
Wave Particle Duality[edit]
 Wave like .
 Particle like .
Photon's effects[edit]
Photon interacts with matter to create Heat transfer of three phases Heat conduction, Heat convection and Heat radiation

Heat transfer Explanation Mathematical formulas Heat conduction matter absorbs photon's energy creates change in matter's temperature
Heat convection matter conducts photon's energy to the maximum at threshold frequency
Heat radiation matter ejects electron off its atom at frequency greater than threshold frequency
provided that f>fo