Motivation and emotion/Book/2020/Orthorexia and emotion

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Orthorexia and emotion:
What are the emotional risk factors and consequences of orthorexia?
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Overview[edit | edit source]

Orthorexia is a fast developing and dangerous eating disorder. Seen as an unhealthy fixation with eating healthy, it becomes a obsession with emotionally damaging consequences.

Focus questions:

  • What is the first focus question?
  • What is the second focus question?
  • What is the third focus question?

What is orthorexia?[edit | edit source]

Orthorexia is a newly discovered eating disorder that is defined as a unhealthy obsession with healthy eating. Although there is quite a bit of research and studies on orthorexia, it is not yet a recognised officially as an eating disorder in the DSM-5, however there are several links to characteristics of an eating disorder (Petrie, 2020).

Figure 1. This is an example of a clean eating meal.

Causes[edit | edit source]

  • health focused industries (Petrie, 2020)
  • social media (Turner & Lefevre, 2017)

Signs and symptoms[edit | edit source]

  • obsession with 'clean eating'
  • weight loss
  • distress when eating junk food
  • (Pertie, 2020)
Treatment[edit | edit source]
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Medication
  • (Koven & Arby, 2015)

Emotional consequences[edit | edit source]

  • Obsessive compulsive traits
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Figures[edit | edit source]

Important points about using figures:

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  3. Possible images for use as figures can be found at Wikimedia Commons.
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  5. Each figure should be referred to at least once in the main text (e.g., see Figure 1).

Tables[edit | edit source]

Important points about using tables:

  1. Tables can be an effective way to organise content.
  2. Tables should be captioned (using APA style) in order to explain its relevance to the text.
  3. Each table should be referred to at least once in the main text (e.g., see Table 1 and Table 2).

Here are two example tables which could be adapted:

Table 1.

Example of a Table with an APA Style Caption

Col. 1 Col. 2 Col. 3
C1R1 C2R1 C3R1
C1R2 C2R2 C3R2
C1R3 C2R3 C3R3

Table 2.

Another Example of a Table with an APA Style Caption

Col. 1 Col. 2 Col. 3
C1R1 C2R1 C3R1
C1R2 C2R2 C3R2
C1R3 C2R3 C3R3

Feature boxes[edit | edit source]

Important points about using feature boxes:

  1. Feature boxes can be used to highlight content.
  2. Possible uses for feature boxes include:
    1. Focus questions
    2. Case studies or examples
    3. Take-home messages
  3. There are many different ways of creating feature boxes (e.g., see Pretty boxes)
Feature box example
  1. Shaded background
  2. Coloured border

Quiz questions[edit | edit source]

Important points about using quizzes:

  1. Quiz questions can be used to help make a chapter more interactive.
  2. To learn about different types of quiz questions, see Help:Quiz.
  3. Rather than presenting one longer quiz at the end, consider adding, say, one review quiz question per major section.
  4. Try to assess conceptual knowledge, rather than trivia.

Here are some simple example quiz questions:

Choose the correct answers and click "Submit":

1 Approximately how many neurons are in the human brain?

1,000,000 (1 million)
10,000,000 (10 million)
100,000,000 (100 million)
1,000,000,000 (1 billion)
10,000,000,000 (10 billion)

2 A typical neuron fires ________ per second.

1 to 4
5 to 49
50 to 99
100 to 199
200 to 499

3rd main heading[edit | edit source]

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum. For more information, see Lorem ipsum (Wikipedia).

Conclusion[edit | edit source]

Important points about this section:

  1. This is arguably the most important section.
  2. What is the answer to the question in the sub-title (based on psychological theory and research)?
  3. What are the practical, take-home messages?

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

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    2. Author surname, followed by a comma, then author initials separated by full stops and spaces
    3. Year of publication in parentheses
    4. Title of work in lower case except first letter and proper names, ending in a full-stop.
    5. Journal title in italics, volume number in italics, issue number in parentheses, first and last page numbers separated by a dash, followed by a full-stop.
    6. dois

Koven, N. S., & Arby, A. W. (2015) The clinical basis of orthorexia nervosa: emerging perspectives. Neuropsychiatric Disease Treatment 11, 385-394. doi: 10.2147/NDT.S61665

Petre, A. (2020). Orthorexia: When Healthy Eating Becomes A Disorder. Healthline.

Turner, P.G., Lefevre, C.E.(2017) Instagram use is linked to increased symptoms of orthorexia nervosa. Eat Weight Disord 22, 277–284.

External links[edit | edit source]

The Butterfly Foundation