Motivation and emotion/Book/2019/Hidden costs of reward
What are the hidden costs of motivating by reward?
Overview[edit | edit source]
- What is the problem? Reliance on extrinsic rewards can have a negative impact on our psychological health, productivity, sense of competence and intrinsic motivation (Fischer, 1978)
- How can specific motivation and/or emotion theories and research help? SDT (Ryan & Deci, 2000) helps us understand how to foster intrinsic motivation and experience greater psychological health.
Rewards[edit | edit source]
- BAS Dopamine pathways
Motivation[edit | edit source]
Extrinsic motivation[edit | edit source]
Intrinsic motivation[edit | edit source]
Quiz questions[edit | edit source]
Here are some example quiz questions - choose the correct answers and click "Submit":
For more information, see Help:Quiz.
Hidden costs of reward[edit | edit source]
Self Determination Theory[edit | edit source]
Addiction[edit | edit source]
Creativity[edit | edit source]
Productivity[edit | edit source]
Well-Being[edit | edit source]
Conclusion[edit | edit source]
- reward contingencies (Schunk, 1983)
See also[edit | edit source]
- Addiction (Book chapter, 2011)
- Anorexia nervosa and extrinsic motivation (Book chapter, 2016)
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Self-determination theory
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2015/Workplace motivation and autonomy
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2014/Sport winning motivation
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Work motivation and work satisfaction
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2018/Passion and motivation
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2016/Reward dependence and motivation
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2016/Intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation in athlete doping
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2013/Anticipation
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2013/Dopamine and emotion
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2013/Uninteresting tasks and motivation
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Creativity
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2011/Self-efficacy
- Motivation and emotion/Book/2016/Employee motivation and money
References[edit | edit source]
Fabes, R. A., Moran III, J. D., & McCullers, J. C. (1981). The hidden costs of reward and WAIS subscale performance. The American Journal of Psychology, 387-398.
Fisher, C. D. (1978). The effects of personal control, competence, and extrinsic reward systems on intrinsic motivation. Organizational behavior and human performance, 21, 273-288.
Gagné, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self‐determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational behavior, 26, 331-362.
King, W., Hautaluoma, J., & Shikiar, R. (1982). Intrinsic motivation, the meaning of pay, and work quality and quantity. The Journal of Social Psychology, 116, 147-148.
Nicholls, J. G. (1984). Achievement motivation: Conceptions of ability, subjective experience, task choice, and performance. Psychological review, 91, 328.
Osterloh, M., & Frey, B. S. (2000). Motivation, knowledge transfer, and organizational forms. Organization science, 11, 538-550.
Pittman, T. S., Emery, J., & Boggiano, A. K. (1982). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientations: Reward-induced changes in preference for complexity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 42, 789.
Rummel, A., & Feinberg, R. (1988). Cognitive evaluation theory: A meta-analytic review of the literature. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 16, 147-164.
Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development, and well-being. American psychologist, 55, 68.
Sansone, C., & Harackiewicz, J. M. (Eds.). (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation: The search for optimal motivation and performance. Elsevier.
Schunk, D. H. (1983). Reward contingencies and the development of children's skills and self-efficacy. Journal of Educational Psychology, 75, 511.
Weibel, A., Rost, K., & Osterloh, M. (2009). Pay for performance in the public sector—Benefits and (hidden) costs. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 20, 387-412.
Cerasoli, C.P., Ford, M.T., & Nicklin, J.M. (2014). Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic incentives jointly predict performance: a 40-year meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 140, 980-1008. https://doi:10.1037/a0035661