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Here a journalist is interviewing a sportswoman. Credit: flickr user kennethtristan02.

"Journalism is a method of inquiry and literary style that aims to provide a service to the public by the dissemination and analysis of news and other information."[1]

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Theory of journalism[edit]


  1. the "aggregating, writing, editing, and presenting of news or news articles for widespread distribution, typically in periodical print publications and broadcast news media, for the purpose of informing the audience"[2] or
  2. the "style of writing characteristic of material in periodical print publications and broadcast news media, consisting of direct presentation of facts or events with an attempt to minimize analysis or interpretation"[2]

is called journalism.


"Hegemonic leadership could also be provided by subordinated groups or classes in order to resist the ideas and actions of the dominant group."[3]

Investigative journalism[edit]

Def. a "form of journalism in which the reporter deeply investigates a single topic of interest, often involving crime or corruption"[4] is called investigative journalism.

"Reporting, through one's own initiative and work product, matters of importance to readers, viewers, or listeners [is investigative journalism]."[5]

"An investigative journalist is a man or woman whose profession it is to discover the truth and to identify lapses from it in whatever media may be available. The act of doing this generally is called investigative journalism and is distinct from apparently similar work done by police, lawyers, auditors, and regulatory bodies in that it is not limited as to target, not legally founded and closely connected to publicity."[6]



  1. The dominant group in journalism determines the course and focus of journalists.

Control groups[edit]

This is an image of a Lewis rat. Credit: Charles River Laboratories.

The findings demonstrate a statistically systematic change from the status quo or the control group.

“In the design of experiments, treatments [or special properties or characteristics] are applied to [or observed in] experimental units in the treatment group(s).[7] In comparative experiments, members of the complementary group, the control group, receive either no treatment or a standard treatment.[8]"[9]

Proof of concept[edit]

Def. a “short and/or incomplete realization of a certain method or idea to demonstrate its feasibility"[10] is called a proof of concept.

Def. evidence that demonstrates that a concept is possible is called proof of concept.

The proof-of-concept structure consists of

  1. background,
  2. procedures,
  3. findings, and
  4. interpretation.[11]

See also[edit]


  1. "Journalism, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. May 6, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "journalism, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. April 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  3. Christine Cooper (June 1995). "Ideology, hegemony and accounting discourse: a case study of the National Union of Journalists". Critical Perspectives on Accounting 6 (3): 175-209. doi:10.1006/cpac.1995.1019. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  4. "investigative journalism, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. March 1, 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  5. Steve Weinberg, The Reporter's Handbook: An Investigator's Guide to Documents and Techniques, St. Martin's Press, 1996
  6. Investigative Journalism: Context and Practice, Hugo de Burgh (ed), Routledge, London and New York, 2000
  7. Klaus Hinkelmann, Oscar Kempthorne (2008). Design and Analysis of Experiments, Volume I: Introduction to Experimental Design (2nd ed.). Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-72756-9. 
  8. R. A. Bailey (2008). Design of comparative experiments. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-68357-9. 
  9. "Treatment and control groups, In: Wikipedia". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. May 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-31. 
  10. "proof of concept, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. November 10, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  11. Ginger Lehrman and Ian B Hogue, Sarah Palmer, Cheryl Jennings, Celsa A Spina, Ann Wiegand, Alan L Landay, Robert W Coombs, Douglas D Richman, John W Mellors, John M Coffin, Ronald J Bosch, David M Margolis (August 13, 2005). "Depletion of latent HIV-1 infection in vivo: a proof-of-concept study". Lancet 366 (9485): 549-55. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67098-5. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 

External links[edit]