Ithkuil/The Ca Affix

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Essence[edit]

The two types of essence are Normal (NRM) and Representative (RPV). The default Normal essence indicates real-world concepts. Representative essence indicates hypothetical concepts that are as yet unrealized or alternative representations of reality. Such nouns often follow modalities representing verbs like must, can, and should.

Extension[edit]

The six extensions are Delimitive (DEL), Proximal (PRX), Inceptive (ICP), Terminative (TRM), Depletive (DPL) and Graduative (GRA). The default Delimitive extension indicates the entire context of an entity with clear boundaries in space/time. Proximal extension indicates part of an entity in the present relevant context. Inceptive extension indicates coming to the beginning boundary of an entity. Terminative extension indicates coming to the end boundary of an entity. Depletive extension indicates coming to a trailing or petering edge of an entity. Graduative extension indicates coming to a fading or diffusing onset of an entity.

Affiliation[edit]

The four affiliations are Consolidative (CSL), Associative (ASO), Variative (VAR) and Coalescent (COA). Consolidative affiliation indicates . Associative affiliation indicates . Variative affiliation indicates . Coalescent affiliation indicates .

Perspective[edit]

The four perspectives are Monadic, Unbounded, Nomic and Abstract. The default Monadic perspective indicates . Unbounded perspective indicates . Nomic perspective indicates . Abstract perspective indicates .

Function[edit]

Existential context marks, Functional context marks, Representational context marks, Amalgamative function marks . A shortcut form of Functional context is marked by shifting penultimate stress to antepenultimate (third-to-last syllable) stress and shifting ultimate stress to preantepenultimate (fourth-to-last syllable) stress.

Valence[edit]

The default Monoactive valence (MNO) marks, Parallel valence (PRL) marks, Corollary valence (CRO) marks, Complementary valence (CRO) marks, Duplicative valence (DUP) marks, Demonstrative valence (DEM) marks, Contingent valence (CNG) marks, Participative valence (PTI) marks.

MNO a
PRL ä
CRO e
RCP ë
CPL i
DUP ö
DEM o
CNG ü
PTI u

Bias[edit]

Exercises[edit]

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