Fundamental Physics/Electromagnetism/Electromagnetism Formulaes

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Electric charge[edit]

Electric charge Charge process Charge quantity Electric field Magnetic field
Negative charge O + e -> - - Q -->E<-- B ↓
Positive charge O - e -> + + Q <--E--> B ↑

Electric charge interaction force[edit]

Electrostatic Force
Electromotive Force
Electromagnetomotive Force
Electromagnetic Force

Electromagnet[edit]

Configuration Magnetic Field Magnetic field intensity
For a straight wire
Manoderecha.svg
circular magnetic field surrounds a point charge along the straight line
For a circular loop
Magnetic field of wire loop.svg
circular magnetic field surrounds a point charge along the circular loop
For a coil of N circular loops
Solenoid-1.png
lines of magnetic field runs from North pole (Positive polarity) to South pole (Negative polarity)

Electromagnetic induction[edit]

Electromagnetic induction takes place in a circular loop and a coil of N circular loops

For a single circular loop
Coil of N circular loops



Electromagnetization[edit]

The way a coil of N circular loops turn metal inside the loops into a electromagnet describe by 4 vector equation below


Electromagnetic oscillation wave[edit]

The way a coil of N circular loops generates oscillation of 2 fields , Electric filed and Electromagnetic field , perpendicular to each other which can be expressed mathematically by 4 vector equations below

Electromagnetic oscillation[edit]

Electromagnetic wave equation[edit]

Oscillation of Electromagnetic field and Electric field generates sinusoidal wave equations

Electromagnetic wave function[edit]

Solving equations above gives Electromagnetic sinusoidal wave function

Electromagnetic wave radiation[edit]

Electromagnetic wave radiation chracteristics[edit]

The following mathematical formulas can be derived

Electromagnetic radiation's states[edit]

Electromagnetic Light Radiation[edit]

Electromagnetic Electricity Radiation[edit]

Photon (Electromagnetic wave radiation) exists in 2 states at specific frequency . .

Heinseiberg's uncertainty principle[edit]

States that

Photon cannot exist in 2 states at the same time

The chance to find one of its state (successful rate of finding photon) is 1/2 where h = p λ . h and p do not change, only wavelength changes with frequency

Mathematically, Uncertainty principle can be expressed as