From Wikipedia: Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) ( IPA: [ˈfʁiːtʁɪç ˈniːtʃə]), a German-born philologist and philosopher, produced critiques of religion, morality, contemporary culture, and philosophy. These works centered on what he viewed as fundamental questions regarding the life-affirming and life-denying qualities of different attitudes and beliefs. Nietzsche's works feature unique, free-form stylization – combined with a wide philosophical breadth – through the use of analyses, etymologies, punning, parables, paradoxes, aphorisms, and contradictions, employed to demonstrate the inadequacies of normative modes of thought. Nietzsche's contemporaries largely overlooked him during his short yet productive working life, which ended with a mental collapse in 1889. But he received recognition during the first half of the 20th century in German, French, and British intellectual circles, gaining notoriety when the Nazi Party appropriated him as a forerunner. By the second half of the 20th century he had become regarded as a highly significant and influential figure in modern philosophy.