File:Drum vibration mode01.gif

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Drum_vibration_mode01.gif(248 × 130 pixels, file size: 192 KB, MIME type: image/gif, looped, 19 frames, 4.4 s)

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Illustration of vibrations of a drum.

Date (UTC)
Source self-made with MATLAB
Author Oleg Alexandrov
Other versions

Derivative works of this file: Membrane-normal-modes.gif

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This diagram was created with MATLAB.
Public domain I, the copyright holder of this work, release this work into the public domain. This applies worldwide.
In some countries this may not be legally possible; if so:
I grant anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Source code (MATLAB)

function main()

   k = 0; % k-th asimuthal number and bessel function
   p = 1; % p-th bessel root

   q=find_pth_bessel_root(k, p); 

   N=20; % used for plotting

   % Get a grid
   R1=linspace(0.0, 1.0, N); 
   Theta1=linspace(0.0, 2*pi, N);
   [R, Theta]=meshgrid(R1, Theta1);

   T=linspace(0.0, 2*pi/q, N); T=T(1:(N-1));

   for iter=1:length(T);
      t = T(iter);
      Z=sin(q*t)*besselj(k, q*R).*cos(k*Theta);

      figure(1); clf; 
      surf(X, Y, Z);
      caxis([-1, 1]);
      shading faceted;
      colormap autumn;

      % viewing angle
      view(108, 42);
      axis([-1, 1, -1, 1, -1, 1]);
      axis off;

      H=text(0, -0.3, 1.4, sprintf('(%d, %d) mode', k, p), 'fontsize', 25);

      file=sprintf('Frame%d.png', 1000+iter);
      disp(sprintf('Saving to %s', file));
      print('-dpng',  '-zbuffer',  '-r100', file);


   % converted to gif with the command 
   % convert -antialias -loop 10000 -delay 10  -scale 50% Frame10* Drum_vibration_mode01.gif

function r = find_pth_bessel_root(k, p)

   % a dummy way of finding the root, just get a small interval where the root is
   X=0.5:0.5:(10*p+1); Y = besselj(k, X);
   [a, b] = find_nthroot(X, Y, p);

   X=a:0.01:b; Y = besselj(k, X);
   [a, b] = find_nthroot(X, Y, 1);

   X=a:0.0001:b; Y = besselj(k, X);
   [a, b] = find_nthroot(X, Y, 1);

function [a, b] = find_nthroot(X, Y, n)


   for i=1:(m-1)
      if ( Y(i) >= 0  & Y(i+1) <= 0 ) | ( Y(i) <= 0  & Y(i+1) >= 0 )

      if l==n
	 a=X(i); b=X(i+1);

	 %disp(sprintf('Error in finding the root %0.9g', b-a));

   disp('Root not found!');

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current00:17, 9 August 2017Thumbnail for version as of 00:17, 9 August 2017248 × 130 (192 KB)Dogbert66Changed the frame period from 100 ms per frame to 230 ms per frame. Otherwise the relative frequencies of Drum_vibration_mode01.gif, Drum_vibration_mode02.gif, and Drum_vibration_mode03.gif are wrong.
04:44, 16 January 2008Thumbnail for version as of 04:44, 16 January 2008248 × 130 (192 KB)Oleg AlexandrovStrip caption, looks better like this
06:36, 12 January 2008Thumbnail for version as of 06:36, 12 January 2008249 × 161 (200 KB)Oleg Alexandrov{{Information |Description=Illustration of vibrations of a drum. |Source=self-made with MATLAB |Date=06:21, 12 January 2008 (UTC) |Author= Oleg Alexandrov |Permission= |other_versions= }} {{PD-self

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