File:Cardinal vowel tongue position-front.png

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Cardinal_vowel_tongue_position-front.png(407 × 404 pixels, file size: 63 KB, MIME type: image/png)

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Summary

  • Tongue positions of Daniel Jones' cardinal front vowels (adapted from Jones 1972: 32).
  • Cardinal vowels #1 and #4 [i, a] were adapted by Jones from x-ray photographs of his mouth.
  • Cardinal vowels #2 and #3 [e, ɛ] are approximate.
  • The tongue positions were determined by placing a thin metal chain on Jones' tongue while saying the vowels and then photographing them.
  • The four large dots indicate the highest point of tongue for each vowel.

Source

  • Jones, Daniel. (1972). An outline of English phonetics (9th ed.). Cambridge: W. Heffer & Sons Ltd.

See also

Licensing

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attribution share alike

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • share alike – If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.

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en:Cardinal vowel de:Hauptvokal ko:기본 모음

File history

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current23:19, 26 November 2006Thumbnail for version as of 23:19, 26 November 2006407 × 404 (63 KB)Ish ishwar
08:27, 26 November 2006Thumbnail for version as of 08:27, 26 November 2006407 × 404 (63 KB)Ish ishwar

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