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Original file(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 52.84 MB, MIME type: application/pdf, 830 pages)

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Summary[edit | edit source]


This OpenStax book is available for free at





Gilbert Strang, PhD and Edwin “Jed” Herman, PhD

Contributing Authors Catherine Abbott, Keuka College Nicoleta Virginia Bila, Fayetteville State University Sheri J. Boyd, Rollins College Joyati Debnath, Winona State University Valeree Falduto, Palm Beach State College Joseph Lakey, New Mexico State University Julie Levandosky, Framingham State University David McCune, William Jewell College Michelle Merriweather, Bronxville High School Kirsten R. Messer, Colorado State University - Pueblo Alfred K. Mulzet, Florida State College at Jacksonville William Radulovich (retired), Florida State College at Jacksonville Erica M. Rutter, Arizona State University David Smith, University of the Virgin Islands Elaine A. Terry, Saint Joseph’s University David Torain, Hampton University Marwan A. Abu-Sawwa, Florida State College at Jacksonville Kenneth J. Bernard, Virginia State University John Beyers, University of Maryland Charles Buehrle, Franklin & Marshall College Matthew Cathey, Wofford College Michael Cohen, Hofstra University William DeSalazar, Broward County School System Murray Eisenberg, University of Massachusetts Amherst Kristyanna Erickson, Cecil College Tiernan Fogarty, Oregon Institute of Technology David French, Tidewater Community College Marilyn Gloyer, Virginia Commonwealth University Shawna Haider, Salt Lake Community College Lance Hemlow, Raritan Valley Community College Jerry Jared, The Blue Ridge School Peter Jipsen, Chapman University David Johnson, Lehigh University M.R. Khadivi, Jackson State University Robert J. Krueger, Concordia University Tor A. Kwembe, Jackson State University Jean-Marie Magnier, Springfield Technical Community College Cheryl Chute Miller, SUNY Potsdam Bagisa Mukherjee, Penn State University, Worthington Scranton Campus Kasso Okoudjou, University of Maryland College Park Peter Olszewski, Penn State Erie, The Behrend College Steven Purtee, Valencia College Alice Ramos, Bethel College Doug Shaw, University of Northern Iowa Hussain Elalaoui-Talibi, Tuskegee University Jeffrey Taub, Maine Maritime Academy William Thistleton, SUNY Polytechnic Institute A. David Trubatch, Montclair State University Carmen Wright, Jackson State University Zhenbu Zhang, Jackson State University

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Licensing[edit | edit source]

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike 3.0 License. In short: you are free to share and make derivative works of the work under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, you use the material only for non-commercial purposes, and that you distribute it only under a license compatible with this one.

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current18:49, 11 January 2017Thumbnail for version as of 18:49, 11 January 20171,275 × 1,650, 830 pages (52.84 MB)Guy vandegrift (discuss | contribs){{Information |Description=x |Source=x |Date=x |Author=x |Permission= I will do this soon. See category:openstax file for more information }}