File:BernoullisLawDerivationDiagram.png

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BernoullisLawDerivationDiagram.png(790 × 370 pixels, file size: 9 KB, MIME type: image/png)

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This is a diagram for one derivation of Bernoulli's Equation. I created this image using MetaPost; in order to produce the raster form, I compiled the source with MetaPost, embedded the resulting file in a pdfLaTeX document, viewed the PDF file with GSview (I tried Acrobat Reader, but its antialiasing was rather poor), and took a screen capture.

The MetaPost source code for this image is provided below (it is licensed under the same licenses as the image) in order to allow easy modification of the image. It's not particularly well-written code (one of my goals in creating it was to learn MetaPost), but anyone who might find it useful can try to make some use of it.

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%  bernoulli.mp                                                              %
%  A MetaPost diagram                                                        %
%  Created on 12 July 2005                                                   %
%  Copyright (c) 2005 by MannyMax                                            %
%  Some rights reserved; see accompanying information for details            %
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

beginfig(1);

u := 1cm;
path t,b,m,pa[],pb[];
pair a[],b[];
picture alab[],blab[];
numeric lwidth,lheight,rwidth,rheight,tubelen,cpgap;
color backcol,chunkcol,capcol;

lwidth = 1u;
rwidth = 2u;
lheight= 2u;
rheight= 3u;
tubelen= 10u;
cpgap  = 1u;

%set diagram colors
backcol = 0.27734375*green + 0.73828125*blue;
chunkcol= 0.62500000*green + 0.88281250*blue;
capcol  = 0.70703125*green + 0.90234375*blue;

z0=(                0, lheight+(lwidth/2));
z4=((tubelen/2)-cpgap, lheight+(lwidth/2));
z5=((tubelen/2)+cpgap, rheight+(rwidth/2));
z1=(          tubelen, rheight+(rwidth/2));

z2=(                0, lheight-(lwidth/2));
z6=((tubelen/2)-cpgap, lheight-(lwidth/2));
z7=((tubelen/2)+cpgap, rheight-(rwidth/2));
z3=(          tubelen, rheight-(rwidth/2));

t=z0---z4..z5---z1;
b=z2---z6..z7---z3;
m=1/2[z0,z2]..1/2[z4,z6]..1/2[z5,z7]..1/2[z1,z3];

fill buildcycle(z0--z2,t,z1--z3,b) withcolor backcol;

fill unitsquare xscaled tubelen yscaled 0.25u shifted (0,-0.25u) withcolor 0.75*white;
linecap := butt;
draw (0,0)--(tubelen,0);
linecap := rounded;

%DRAW CHUNK A

a0=point(0.3) of t;
a1=point(0.8) of t;
a2=point(0.3) of b;
a3=point(0.8) of b;
pa1=buildcycle(a0--a2,t,a1--a3,b);

pa2 = fullcircle rotated 180 xscaled (0.2*lwidth) yscaled lwidth shifted 1/2[a0,a2];
pa3 = halfcircle rotated -90 xscaled (0.2*lwidth) yscaled lwidth shifted 1/2[a1,a3];
pa4 = halfcircle rotated  90 xscaled (0.2*lwidth) yscaled lwidth shifted 1/2[a1,a3];

pa5 = buildcycle(pa2,t,pa3,b);

fill pa2 withcolor capcol;
fill pa5 withcolor chunkcol;
draw pa2;
draw pa3;
draw pa4 dashed evenly;

a9 = center(buildcycle(pa4,pa3));
pa6 = a9--(a9+(a9-center(pa2))/3);
draw      pa6 cutafter  pa3 withpen pencircle scaled 1;
drawarrow pa6 cutbefore pa3 withpen pencircle scaled 1;
label.rt (btex $v_1$ etex, point(1) of pa6);

pa7 = (a2-(0.2u,0.5u)){dir(90)}..2/5[a2,center(pa2)];
drawarrow pa7;
label.bot(btex $A_1$ etex, point(0) of pa7);

a4 = whatever[a0,a3]=whatever[a1,a2];
a5 = (xpart(a4),0);
a6 = a5+(0,1u);
drawdblarrow a5--a4;
draw (a4-(0.1u,0))--(a4+(0.1u,0));
alab1 = thelabel(btex $h_1$ etex, (0,0));
unfill bbox alab1 shifted a6;
draw        alab1 shifted a6;

a11 = center(pa2);
a10 = a11+(a11-a9)/8;
drawarrow a10--a11 withpen pencircle scaled 2;
label.lft(btex $p_1$ etex, 1/4[a10,a11]);

a7 = a0 + (0,0.35u);
a8 = a1 + (0,0.35u);
draw a0--(a7 + (0,0.175u)) withcolor 0.5*white;
draw a1--(a8 + (0,0.175u)) withcolor 0.5*white;
drawdblarrow a7--a8;
alab2 =thelabel(btex $v_1\Delta t=s_1$ etex, (0,0));
unfill bbox alab2 shifted 1/2[a7,a8];
draw alab2 shifted 1/2[a7,a8];

%DRAW CHUNK B

b0=point(2.2) of t;
b1=point(2.6) of t;
b2=point(2.2) of b;
b3=point(2.6) of b;
pb1=buildcycle(b0--b2,t,b1--b3,b);
fill pb1 withcolor 0.6[blue,white];

pb2 = fullcircle rotated 180 xscaled (0.2*rwidth) yscaled rwidth shifted 1/2[b0,b2];
pb3 = halfcircle rotated -90 xscaled (0.2*rwidth) yscaled rwidth shifted 1/2[b1,b3];
pb4 = halfcircle rotated  90 xscaled (0.2*rwidth) yscaled rwidth shifted 1/2[b1,b3];

pb5 = buildcycle(pb2,t,pb3,b);

fill pb2 withcolor capcol;
fill pb5 withcolor chunkcol;
draw pb2;
draw pb3;
draw pb4 dashed evenly;

b9 = center(buildcycle(pb4,pb3));
pb6 = b9--(b9+(b9-center(pb2))/3);
draw      pb6 cutafter  pb3 withpen pencircle scaled 1;
drawarrow pb6 cutbefore pb3 withpen pencircle scaled 1;
label.rt (btex $v_2$ etex, point(1) of pb6);

pb7 = (b2-(0.2u,0.5u)){dir(90)}..2/5[b2,center(pb2)];
drawarrow pb7;
label.bot(btex $A_2$ etex, point(0) of pb7);

b4 = whatever[b0,b3]=whatever[b1,b2];
b5 = (xpart(b4),0);
b6 = b5+(0,1u);
drawdblarrow b5--b4;
draw (b4-(0.1u,0))--(b4+(0.1u,0));
blab1 = thelabel(btex $h_2$ etex, (0,0));
unfill bbox blab1 shifted b6;
draw        blab1 shifted b6;

b11 = center(pb2);
b10 = b11+(b11-b9)/8;
drawarrow b10--b11 withpen pencircle scaled 2;
label.lft(btex $p_2$ etex, 1/4[b10,b11]);

b7 = b0 + (0,0.35u);
b8 = b1 + (0,0.35u);
draw b0--(b7 + (0,0.175u)) withcolor 0.6*white;
draw b1--(b8 + (0,0.175u)) withcolor 0.6*white;
drawdblarrow b7--b8;
blab2 =thelabel(btex $v_2\Delta t=s_2$ etex, (0,0));
unfill bbox blab2 shifted 1/2[b7,b8];
draw blab2 shifted 1/2[b7,b8];

%DRAW FLUID TUBE

linecap := butt;

draw t withpen pencircle scaled 1;
draw b withpen pencircle scaled 1;

path acap,bcap,bcapa,bcapb;
acap  = fullcircle rotated 180 xscaled (0.2*lwidth) yscaled lwidth shifted 1/2[z0,z2];
bcapa = halfcircle rotated -90 xscaled (0.2*rwidth) yscaled rwidth shifted 1/2[z1,z3];
bcapb = halfcircle rotated  90 xscaled (0.2*rwidth) yscaled rwidth shifted 1/2[z1,z3];

bcap = buildcycle(bcapa,bcapb);

fill acap withcolor backcol;
fill bcap withcolor backcol;

linecap := rounded;

draw acap  withpen pencircle scaled 1;
draw bcapa withpen pencircle scaled 1;
draw bcapb withpen pencircle scaled 1 dashed evenly;

%uncomment the following line to draw a density symbol in the center of the figure
%label (btex $\rho$ etex, 1/2[point 1.5 of t, point 1.5 of b]);

endfig;
I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:
GNU head Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License.
w:en:Creative Commons
attribution share alike
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • share alike – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same or compatible license as the original.
This licensing tag was added to this file as part of the GFDL licensing update.
w:en:Creative Commons

attribution share alike

This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license.
You are free:
  • to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work
  • to remix – to adapt the work
Under the following conditions:
  • attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.
  • share alike – If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same or compatible license as the original.

You may select the license of your choice.

File history

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Date/TimeThumbnailDimensionsUserComment
current03:37, 13 July 2005Thumbnail for version as of 03:37, 13 July 2005790 × 370 (9 KB)MannyMax~commonswiki{{GFDL}} {{cc-by-sa-2.5}}

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