English-Chinese/Fatty liver

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Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell). Despite having multiple causes, fatty liver can be considered a single disease that occurs worldwide in those with excessive alcohol intake and the obese (with or without effects of insulin resistance). The condition is also associated with other diseases that influence fat metabolism. When this process of fat metabolism is disrupted, the fat can accumulate in the liver in excessive amounts, thus resulting in a fatty liver. It is difficult to distinguish alcoholic FLD, which is part of alcoholic liver disease, from nonalcoholic FLD (NAFLD), and both show microvesicular and macrovesicular fatty changes at different stages.

脂肪肝 是 一种 可逆 状态,其中 甘油三酯 脂肪的 大液泡 经由 脂肪变性 过程(即,细胞内 脂质的 异常 滞留)积聚 在 肝细胞中。尽管 有 多种 原因,脂肪肝 可以 被认为 是 全球 范围内 发生的 饮酒过量 和 肥胖(伴随 或 不伴有 胰岛素 抵抗)的 单一 疾病。这 病 也 与 其他 影响 脂肪 代谢的 疾病 有关。当 这种 脂肪 代谢 过程 被破坏 时,脂肪 会 在 肝脏中 过量 堆积,从而 导致 脂肪肝。酒精性FLD 是 酒精性 肝病的 一部分,与 非酒精性FLD(NAFLD)很难 区分,并且 在 不同 阶段 都 表现出 小泡 和 大泡 脂肪 变化。