Funding provides resources to a research or exploratory project so that a person, business, or any other private or public institution, may successfully accomplish the objectives of the project.
A request for funding is an attempt at fundraising.
The resources provided can be income, computing time and access, libraries and databases, or specific facilities such as observatory time or use of laboratory equipment.
Research funding is often in the form of donations or grants.
Theory of funding
Def. a "large supply of [money provided] to be drawn upon" is called funding.
In between these two extremes is funding provided by a foundation where some reasonable likelihood of success can be demonstrated usually on the basis of past achievement or credentials.
Obtaining funding (income to cover research costs) is important because research takes a toll on time, energy, and resources.
Original research may not lead to profit-making yet may be valuable in its contribution to society. The results of the research or exploration that contribute to the better good of society should be made available for the public good and funded accordingly.
Norway public funding
Norwegian Research Council
United States of America funding
The United States of America (USA) participates in public funding through nearly all of the division of the executive branch.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
The USA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) participates in public fund for those research and original research efforts that may benefit national defense. DARPA also goes through grants.gov.
Department of Education Grants
The United States Geological Survey goes through grants.gov.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
NASA also requires potential proposers to be registered with NSPIRES.
National Endowment for the Humanities
The USA National Endowment for the Humanites (NEH) encourages research and writing in all areas of the humanities, including the study of history, literature, philosophy, religion, and foreign cultures. Through grants to individual scholars and institutions, the division fosters work that enables Americans to understand the world.
"All applicants to National Endowment for the Humanities are required to use Grants.gov."
National Institutes of Health
NIH also uses grants.gov.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Science Foundation
NSF requires potential proposers to be registered with fastlane; but, apparently is still not participating in the use of grants.gov.
- The higher the risk of success the more the funding needed is closest to a grant with no strings attached.
- The lower the risk of success the more the funding needed is closest to a loan.
- SemperBlotto (16 June 2011). fund. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 2017-06-04.
- NEH (April 22, 2013). Frequently Asked Questions about NEH on Grantsdotgov. 1100 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, D.C. 20506: National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
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