Chess

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chess is a board game for two players.

It has been described as a synthesis between art, science and competitive endeavour, and is widely seen as a metaphor (however vague) for life in general or at least a philosophical interpretation or outlook on life. As with all games and sports, chess is about defeating a foe in a battle of skill and ability, but the struggle in chess involves deep analytical and intuitive subtlety due to its inherent appearance of simplicity but actual complexity.

The "game" is deceptively simple, with its relatively few rules, all of which are easily understood by people of all abilities. However, in chess there are twenty possible starting moves for White (who always plays first) followed by a further twenty for Black (each army starts as a mirror of the other), making 400 different positions on the first move alone. In each of these 400 scenarios, White would probably have a further, for example, 20 or 25 moves, taking the possibilities to at least 8000, then 150,000, 3,000,000 and so on.

It has been proven mathematically that there are more possible ways for a game of chess to unfold than there are atoms in the Universe, though this depends on estimates of how many atoms there are in the universe and the assumption that this number is finite.

Equipment needed to play the game:[edit]

Setup at the start of the game
  • A Chess board; Example.
  • The pieces to the game.
  • Timer (optional)

Rules and other basics :-[edit]

The Pieces for the game:[edit]

  • 4 Rooks
  • 4 Knights
  • 4 Bishops
  • 2 Queens
  • 2 Kings
  • 16 Pawns

Movements of pieces[edit]

  • A queen can move forward, back and diagonally.
  • A king can only move one square at a time (such that there is no direct immediate threat to the piece)
  • Pawns move forward, or diagonally( while to eliminate an opponent's piece)
  • Rooks can only move forward and backward.
  • Bishops can only move diagonally.
  • Knights can move diagonally skipping one square and moving one step to the left or right.(They are the only piece to be able to jump over other pieces)


Standard Rules[edit]

A Game of chess can be played either timed or untimed . Timed games have an overall pre-arbitrated time limit for a player. And there are special provisions for added time . The objective of the game ( or how to win ) is to checkmate the opponent's king .Checkmate is when the king is immediate threat and doesn't have any other safe square left to move . Other ways to win are either when the opponent's time runs out or does three illegal moves or decides to resign voluntarily . A game chess can also end up in a draw .


Play[edit]

Wikibooks-logo.svg Wikibooks has more on the topic of Chess.
Wikipedia-logo.png Search for Chess on Wikipedia.