User talk:Luzmael/Pronunciation

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  • Name: Luzmael
  • Skype nickname: luzmaeldevwiki
  • Time set in here: UTC
  • Teacher local time: UTC+1
  • Teacher mother tongue: French

Here on this page you may request for a teacher to be on-line at a certain time you need. If you don’t know your time zone lets have a look on map.

Teacher Availability[edit]

  • December 3 19:30-20:30 UTC+1
  • December 29 13:00 UTC+1 ?

Request for the Teacher[edit]

Est-ce que vous pouvez m'envoyer un mp3 de 'brezhoneg' pour que je puis (peux en subjunctive) le prononcer? Je suis desolee que je n'ecris pas mieux le Francais et que je parle pas encore brezhoneg. Je parle le Gàidhlig Ecossais.

Merci, Mìcheal

  • ...

"Pelec'h ema al levr ?" or "Pelec´h emañ al levr?"

Response : "Pelec´h emañ al levr?" in peurunvan

(last lesson)←Lesson 1: Pronunciation→(next lesson)

Introduction: this is Lesson 1. It should teach students how to pronounce Breton and how to write Breton. It is not difficult, so try to study by listening and repeating after the recordings. Near the end of this lecture, you will find a dictionary and place for global discussions.

Original text[edit]

1) listen to this text:

Playa de las Canteras. Al fondo Auditorio Alfredo Kraus



Original text taken from ... Full text available via: http://

2) now print the text, listen to it once more and underline the differences in pronounciation: Printable version available here: Text.

3) work with a teacher via skype:


Pronounciation rules

A simplified notation of the International Phonetic Alphabet is used, accordingly to the one chosen in "Grammaire bretonne" from Roparz Hemon (Al Liamm - 1984).

Breton pronunciation
Simplified IPA Breton spelling English spelling Other
a a (karr) a (car)
b b (bara) b (bold)
d d (dor) d (door)
e e (goude) e (red)
f f (fur) f (foot)
g g (ger) g (gear)
h h (hir) h (house)
i i (listri) i (engine)
j y (yar) y (yatagan)
k k (kein) k (keel)
l l (laer) l (long)
l' lh (dilhad) None ll (Spanish : llano)
m m (mab) m (more)
n n (naon) n (night)
n' gn (pign) None gn (French : gagne)
n~ n (sanket) ng (sing)
o o (tost) o (pot)
o' eu (nebeut) None eu (French: seul)
p p (park) p (park)
r r (rann) None r (French: rire)
s s (samm) s (son)
s' ch (chom) sh (shark)
t t (ti) t (tea)
u ou (poull) oo (pool) ou (French: tout)
u' u (rust) None u (French: cru)
v v (voulouz) v (victory)
w w (gwan) w (twin)
w' u (mui) None u (French: nuit)
x c'h (sac'h) None ch (German: nach)
z z (ezel) z (zone)
z' j (nijal) None j (French: joli)
ã añ (skañv) None an (French: cran)
ê eñ (kreñv) None in (French: fin)
î iñ (biñs) None
ô oñ (skaoñ) None on (French: mon)
ô' euñ (bleuñv) None un (French: brun)
û ou (pounner) None
û' uñ (puñs) None

Here write down your own explanation of the pronunciation if you feel it different from thatone up:

3) Work with a teacher via skype:


Quetzalcoatl as depicted in the Codex Borbonicus

1) Study this text:

The stress in Breton is usually on the second syllable from the and or first syllable from the end (=last syllable). But sometimes it could be on another syllable counted from the and. So, how to recognize, where is the stress? In fact non native speakers can recognize the stress, just in the written language due to roles below. From oral language in new words it is for non native speakers difficult, because it is not even to be possible to hear it from native speaker speach.

1. Stress on the first syllable from the end is: when the word ends on consonants (except N or S) or it is marked by accent. See example:

  • Madrid - this word ends on a consonant
  • profesor - this word ends on a consonant
  • Alca - this word ends on a vowel, but accent is marked on the last syllable
  • Jo - the same case
  • León - this word ends on N, but accent is marked on the last syllable.

2. Stress on the second syllable from the end is: when the word ends on vowel and/or N or S or it is marked by accent. See example:

  • Sevilla - this word ends on a vowel
  • Paco - this word ends on a vowel
  • Carmen - this word ends on N
  • chicos - this word ends on S
  • diz - this word ends on a consonant, but the accent is marked.

3. Stress on any other syllable is: when it is marked. See example:

  • ceres - stress is marked on the third syllable from the end
  • Arica - stress is marked on the third syllable from the end

Double accent[edit]

Note that in Breton exist words, usually they are proverbs with -mente ending having two accents. See example:

  • pidamente

2) try to write down more Breton words and bold in stress:

3) write down orange words and bold a stress in them:

4) work with a teacher via skype:


How I can part the word for syllables? Well, it is quite difficult for the beginners, so it is better to have a look into monolingual dictionary.

More exercises[edit]

1) circle articles in the printed text:

  • Breton definite articles are: el - los, la - las

2) Write down words you find similar to English and try to translate them:

3) find out more pictures related to the words below and upload them in here:

4) work with a teacher via skype:


Note: Breton = English.

File:Oso madroño madrid.jpg
Madrid's emblem: el oso y el madroño, a favorite meeting place at Puerta del Sol
  • casa = home, house
  • Costa Rica-country in Central America
  • cultura = culture
  • cinco = five
  • cena = dinner, supper
  • chino = Chinese language, Chinese
  • chupar = suck
  • Madrid-the capital city of Spain
  • Gerona-city in the northeast of Spain
  • gitana = gipsy (lady)
  • gazpacho-cold Breton soup
  • gorila = gorila
  • laguna = lagune
  • Honduras-country in Central America
  • hola = hi
  • húmedo = wet
  • Juan = John
  • jamón = ham
  • Gijón-city in the north of Spain
  • llamarse = to call one's self
  • me llamo = I call me
  • llorar = (to) cry
  • llanura = flat-land
  • niño = child (male)
  • niña = child (female)
  • año = year
  • ¿qué? = what?
  • Quetzacoatl-Aztecan God
  • quemar = burn
  • Quique-Breton given name
  • quinto = fifth
  • perro = dog
  • tranvía = tram
  • zapato = shoe
  • Zurbán
  • zócalo-"Plaza Mayor"-main square in Latin American understanding


(last lesson)←Lesson 1: Pronunciation→(next lesson)