User:Abd/Augusto De Luca/List of user pages/By account attachment date

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Summary. While the editing of Augusto De Luca resembled a spambot at first sight, it is highly likely that this was ordinary editing, based on an examination of edit timing. Users may, with repetitive manual editing, following some source page, such as a list of wikis, easily create edit histories more "bot-like" than did Augusto De Luca. A real bot's history would not look like his history. It would be substantially faster and would not show the breaks that the user took.

"Spambot" is not supported by the evidence and should be deprecated as an argument for deletion of pages and for sanctions against the user. (conclusion by Abd (discusscontribs) 18:01, 18 April 2014 (UTC))

CentralAuth for Augusto De Luca

We have account attachment times, not actual edit times. However, from sampled data, we know that, except for the first day, and one single time on the second day, which will be considered below, edit time succeeded attachment time by 1 minute or less. There are a few wikis where an account was attached, during the editing sequence, but no edit shows in the CA edit count.

Some of those wikis were ones that he deliberately missed. But some are not like that. This is one among a number of indications that this was manual editing. He missed a keystroke.

Augusto De Luca edited in bursts. I defined a burst as a series of attachment times with not more than two minutes between them. I.e., if edits were at 1:02, 1:03, 1:05, I continued counting. If there was three minutes or more separating the edit times, I started counting a new burst. Most breaks in the editing exceeded three minutes in length.

In describing the editing, the global sysop called W in this study said that the editing was, in the longest extended period (March 24), 2 edits in a minute AVERAGE, and that was his emphasis, and that this continued for 13 hours. I pointed out that, in English, this would mean 1560 edits. Now, from close review of this data, I know what he meant. He was still incorrect, but closer.

By "AVERAGE" he did not mean the mathematical term. He meant something like "about," or "it looks like two edits for each minute." "Sort of."

In fact, in most bursts, the edit rate was very roughly 1.5 edits per minute. However, there are anomalies, we will study below.

The data[edit]

This is the burst data, with the number of edits per minute and the elapsed time of the burst. Notice the first two bursts, March 23: 4 times in the same minute and then 6 in the same minute, three minutes later. The 6 times are the English wikis that I observed are automatically attached with no direct action by the user. Central Auth appears to set up and link wikis, under some conditions, with no obvious user action with respect to the wiki.

There was another burst on March 24, 06:15 AM, with 6 attachment times in one minute. 2 of those were wikis with no edits, I suspect this was similar CA behavior.

The data is, after the account number (per CA sequence displayed with time sort),

  • day of March (23, 24, 25)
  • time of account attachment
  • number of edits to wiki (0, 1, or 3 in one case)
  • current burst number (1 - 30)
  • events in burst (shown as zero until last entry)
  • link to user page on wiki
  • rate per minute, average, shown at the end of current burst
  • or delay before burst shown on the first line of next burst. (A pause or break.)
  • Notes
  1. 23 04:00:00 PM 1 1 0 wikipedia.it
  2. 23 04:00:00 PM 0 1 0 login
  3. 23 04:00:00 PM 1 1 0 meta
  4. 23 04:00:00 PM 1 1 4 wikidata rate 4.00 /min CA account attachment anomaly
  5. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 0 wikibooks.en delay 3 min
  6. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 0 wikipedia.en
  7. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 0 wikiquote.en File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  8. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 0 wikisource.en
  9. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 0 wikiversity.en File:Lia Rumma - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  10. 23 04:03:00 PM 1 2 6 wiktionary.en rate 6.00 /min CA anomaly
  11. 24 05:53:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ab delay 830 min
  12. 24 05:53:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ace
  13. 24 05:54:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.af File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  14. 24 05:54:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.als File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  15. 24 05:55:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.am File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  16. 24 05:55:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.an
  17. 24 05:56:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ar File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  18. 24 05:57:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ast
  19. 24 05:58:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ay
  20. 24 05:58:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.az
  21. 24 05:59:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.ba
  22. 24 05:59:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.bar
  23. 24 06:00:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.bat-smg
  24. 24 06:01:00 AM 1 3 0 wikipedia.bcl
  25. 24 06:03:00 AM 1 3 15 wikipedia.fa rate 1.36 /min 2 minute gap
  26. 24 06:06:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.be-x-old delay 3 min
  27. 24 06:06:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.be
  28. 24 06:07:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.bg File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  29. 24 06:08:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.bi
  30. 24 06:08:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.br
  31. 24 06:09:00 AM 1 4 0 wikipedia.bs
  32. 24 06:09:00 AM 1 4 7 wikipedia.ca rate 1.75 /min
  33. 24 06:15:00 AM 1 5 0 wikimedia.commons delay 6 min
  34. 24 06:15:00 AM 1 5 0 wikinews.en
  35. 24 06:15:00 AM 1 5 0 wikivoyage.en
  36. 24 06:15:00 AM 0 5 0 wikimedia.incubator
  37. 24 06:15:00 AM 1 5 0 wikimedia.species
  38. 24 06:15:00 AM 0 5 0 mediawiki
  39. 24 06:16:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.nl
  40. 24 06:17:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.de
  41. 24 06:18:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.fr
  42. 24 06:18:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.sv
  43. 24 06:19:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.ru
  44. 24 06:20:00 AM 1 5 0 wikipedia.es
  45. 24 06:21:00 AM 1 5 13 wikipedia.pl rate 1.86 /min
  46. 24 06:35:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ch delay 14 min
  47. 24 06:36:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ik
  48. 24 06:36:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ny
  49. 24 06:37:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.dz
  50. 24 06:37:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.tum
  51. 24 06:38:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.st
  52. 24 06:39:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.cr
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  54. 24 06:40:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ff
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  59. 24 06:44:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.fj
  60. 24 06:44:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ti
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  65. 24 06:47:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.rn
  66. 24 06:48:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ki
  67. 24 06:49:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.pnt File:Black and White 3 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  68. 24 06:49:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.sd
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  70. 24 06:50:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.tw
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  84. 24 06:59:00 AM 1 6 0 wikipedia.ha
  85. 24 06:59:00 AM 1 6 40 wikipedia.zu rate 1.67 /min
  86. 24 07:20:00 AM 1 7 0 wikipedia.kaa delay 21 min
  87. 24 07:21:00 AM 1 7 0 wikipedia.za
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  95. 24 07:26:00 AM 1 7 0 wikipedia.bxr
  96. 24 07:28:00 AM 1 7 0 wikinews.it
  97. 24 07:28:00 AM 1 7 0 wikiquote.it
  98. 24 07:28:00 AM 1 7 0 wiktionary.it
  99. 24 07:29:00 AM 1 7 14 wikiversity.it rate 1.56 /min
  100. 24 07:33:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.ja delay 4 min
  101. 24 07:33:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.war
  102. 24 07:34:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.ceb
  103. 24 07:34:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.vi
  104. 24 07:35:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.pt
  105. 24 07:36:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.uk File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  106. 24 07:36:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.zh
  107. 24 07:37:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.no
  108. 24 07:39:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.fi 2 minute gap
  109. 24 07:39:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.id
  110. 24 07:40:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.cs
  111. 24 07:40:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.ko File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
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  114. 24 07:43:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.ms File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
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  116. 24 07:44:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.min
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  121. 24 07:48:00 AM 1 8 0 wikipedia.da
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  123. 24 07:49:00 AM 1 8 24 wikipedia.lt rate 1.41 /min
  124. 24 07:52:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.he delay 3 min File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  125. 24 07:52:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.hr File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  126. 24 07:53:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.sh
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  128. 24 07:54:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.uz File:Black and White 4 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  129. 24 07:55:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.et File:Black and White 3 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  130. 24 07:55:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.vo
  131. 24 07:56:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.hy
  132. 24 07:57:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.gl
  133. 24 07:57:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.nn File:Black and White 3 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  134. 24 07:58:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.hi
  135. 24 07:58:00 AM 1 9 0 wikipedia.simple
  136. 24 07:59:00 AM 1 9 13 wikipedia.la rate 1.62 /min File:Black and White 3 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  137. 24 08:13:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.el delay 14 min
  138. 24 08:13:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.th
  139. 24 08:14:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ka
  140. 24 08:14:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.oc
  141. 24 08:15:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.mk File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  142. 24 08:16:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.new File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  143. 24 08:16:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.pms
  144. 24 08:17:00 AM 0 10 0 wiktionary.de
  145. 24 08:17:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.tl
  146. 24 08:18:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ta
  147. 24 08:18:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.te File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  148. 24 08:19:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.cy File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  149. 24 08:19:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.tt File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  150. 24 08:20:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.lv
  151. 24 08:21:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ht
  152. 24 08:22:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.jv
  153. 24 08:22:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.sq
  154. 24 08:23:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.mg
  155. 24 08:24:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.lb File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  156. 24 08:24:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.mr File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  157. 24 08:25:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.is
  158. 24 08:26:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ml
  159. 24 08:27:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.my
  160. 24 08:27:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.pnb
  161. 24 08:28:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ur File:Black and White 4 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  162. 24 08:28:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.yo
  163. 24 08:29:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.fy
  164. 24 08:30:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ga
  165. 24 08:30:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.lmo File:Black and White 4 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  166. 24 08:31:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.tg File:Black and White 4 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  167. 24 08:32:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.bn
  168. 24 08:33:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.cv
  169. 24 08:33:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.zh-yue
  170. 24 08:34:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ky File:Black and White 4 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  171. 24 08:35:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.io
  172. 24 08:35:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.sw
  173. 24 08:36:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ne File:Black and White 3 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  174. 24 08:37:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.bpy
  175. 24 08:37:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.gu
  176. 24 08:38:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ce
  177. 24 08:38:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.scn
  178. 24 08:39:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.sco
  179. 24 08:40:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ku File:Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli 1 - Augusto De Luca photographer.jpg
  180. 24 08:40:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.qu
  181. 24 08:41:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.su
  182. 24 08:42:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.kn File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  183. 24 08:43:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.ia
  184. 24 08:43:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.nap
  185. 24 08:44:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.bug
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  187. 24 08:45:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.map-bms
  188. 24 08:45:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.wa File:Piazza del Plebiscito - Augusto De Luca.jpg
  189. 24 08:46:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.mn File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  190. 24 08:47:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.arz
  191. 24 08:47:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.gd
  192. 24 08:48:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.hif
  193. 24 08:49:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.mzn File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
  194. 24 08:49:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.zh-min-nan
  195. 24 08:50:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.si File:Polaroid sx 70 - foto di Augusto De Luca (2).jpg
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  197. 24 08:51:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.sah
  198. 24 08:51:00 AM 1 10 0 wikipedia.vec
  199. 24 08:52:00 AM 1 10 63 wikipedia.sa rate 1.58 /min
  200. 24 09:00:00 AM 1 11 1 wikiquote.fr delay 8 min
  201. 24 09:05:00 AM 1 12 0 wikipedia.nah delay 5 min
  202. 24 09:06:00 AM 1 12 0 wikipedia.os
  203. 24 09:06:00 AM 1 12 0 wikipedia.pa
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  205. 24 09:08:00 AM 1 12 0 wikipedia.fo
  206. 24 09:08:00 AM 1 12 0 wikipedia.pam File:Polaroid sx70 manipolata - foto Augusto De Luca.jpg
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  270. 24 10:01:00 AM 1 14 0 wikipedia.sc 2 minute gap
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  276. 24 10:04:00 AM 1 14 0 wikipedia.wuu File:LA5 Bologna di Augusto De Luca.jpg
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  293. 24 10:34:00 AM 1 16 0 wikibooks.it 2 minute gap
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  298. 24 10:39:00 AM 0 16 0 wikisource.de 2 minute gap
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Interpretation[edit]

Edit timing[edit]

The global action against Augusto De Luca often incorporated assumptions that this was a bot. Speedy deletion tags on user pages said, "spambot, see CA," and, indeed, looking at CA, it looked like a bot. However, any kind of highly repetitive editing can look like a bot.

(If people think that editing was done by bot, it creates a ready impression of "there must be something wrong." What really happened here, in essence, was that a user decided to create a user page on every wikipedia (there were articles on him on most wikis), and then nearly every wiki (there were articles on some wikiquote wikis), as a first action. This was not someone unknown, but, as far as we know, he had not edited. His work, hosted on Commons, however, is still used in many, many articles, and that is likely to continue. In any case, this page is examining the "bot" claim and attempting to determine the truth by analyzing the information we have.)

I tested manually adding user pages to WMF wikis.LINK With purely manual editing, I was able to demonstrate over 10 edits per minute in bursts, because I would browse to set up the edits first, loading the edit screens from a list (CA is a handy list of user pages if it's been prepared), copying the text into them, then saving them with about two clicks each. Then I would load the next batch of pages. That reduced the overall rate to about 6 edits per minute.

However, stuff happens. A page is missed, one has to back up, the phone rings, etc. A bot will keep going. A manual edit process will not.

meta:Bot policy has it that approved bots "should operate at an absolute minimum interval of 5 seconds (12 edits per minute). At times of high server load, " they should operate at intervals of 20 seconds (3 edits per minute)."

However, "Bots running without a bot flag should edit at intervals of over 1 minute.'

The key for "bot" is unattended operation. Humans can easily exceed, for repetitive editing, 1 edit per minute, and no policy prohibits this. Augusto De Luca ran at roughly 1.5 events per minute, during the bursts. The longest burst was 63 events at 08:13 AM to 08:52 AM, March 24, 40 minutes, that was 1.58 events per minute. The job was completed in a burst of 59 events, 01:11, March 25, 41 minutes at 1.44 events per minute.

Within bursts, the edit times alternate, for the most part, between two edits being at the same minute, or being one minute apart. If the actual rate for a user or bot is between one and two edits per minute, this is what will be seen. So what is interesting would be:

  • More than 2 edits per minute (because this would indicate a maximum time per edit of 30 seconds). The only time this is seen in this data is apparently due to Central Auth behavior, and, where we have actual edit timing, we know that editing can occur long after account attachment, and that many wikis may attach simultaneously. There were two sequences of apparent CA simultaneous account creation the first day, and one sequence the second, and that latter sequence included two wikis with no edits. So we can reasonably infer that these isolated incidents are not about edit timing.
  • The absence of editing at 2 edits per minute or above (I.e., sustained for more than a minute) is significant because most bots would edit at higher rate than that. Here is an example of a bot operating, and it's slower than it might be because it has to find what to replace.[1]. The difference between this and the editing of Augusto De Luca is drastic. De Luca never exceeds 2 actual edits in one minute. The bot routinely has 6 per minute.
  • Pauses. If the editing rate for a bot is 1.5 edits per minute, in order for there to be a 2 minute gap, there must be an actual stop of a minute or longer. I defined "burst" as a sequence of events with no gap of 3 minutes or more. But the two minute gaps are interesting, they require the event rate to be below 1 per minute, a substantial shift. For a three minute gap requires an even more drastic shift. There are two minutes with no event, so the activity must fall from 1.5 to 0.5 events per minute.

However, the pauses are difficult to understand with a bot. It is possible, to be sure, perhaps due to network slow-down, so this analysis cannot be a matter of certainty. With a human editor, the pauses would be normal and expected. The user scratched his nose. Got up and walked around.

There are, in the data, 12 2-minute gaps, and 7 3-minute gaps.

There are, of course, the very long breaks; the human operator ate and slept (at times expected for that). A bot would continue, unless the number of uploads were limited, say, to change the image being displayed. It's the 2-minute gaps that are hard to explain this way.

Regardless, the data is completely consistent with a human manually making these edits. The skill of that person was not high. As I mentioned, I could have done this at a rate of about 6 pages per minute, without assistance from a script. I would still have irregularity in my timing, but I'd be bursting at up to 10 edits per minute, I might run at 10 edits per minute for 3 minutes, then be down for 2 minutes, setting up, repeating it all. And then the phone would ring....

The key is that the editing requires no thought. I'm a human bot. It still requires a decision to push that button, and that decisive action is what, by policy (on Wikipedia), distinguishes a human from a bot. Semi-automated editing programs are not considered "bots" unless they make edits without a human being presented with a button to push, to accept the edit. If a script is set up to ahead and edit without that intervention, it's a "bot."

The "spambot" claim should be set aside, it is (1) not discernable from the evidence, and (2) is only politically effective, "bot" being a misleading distraction from the essence, the real issue, the massive creation of user pages without having edited the wikis, and without there being a clear reason for that (such as becoming a global sysop).

I find no policy regarding that. The antispammers routinely consider this "spam," it's obvious (and I've seen this for years; repetitive editing cross-wiki, by a non-recognized user, is treated as spam, even if all the edits are absolutely appropriate, and it is obvious why. It's because most such editing actually is spam!)

It would have been trivial for this user to accomplish his goal if he had taken a bit more time to do it, and had taken a few other steps obvious to any experienced editor. "Rate," however, is not contrary to policy. It's simply that this appears to be spam if not examined closely.

Delay to change filename?[edit]

A possible explanation for the short delays could be changing the filename. Perhaps the user set a bot to run so many pages, then stop, the user would then manually change the file name and go for another run. On this hypothesis, I looked at the filenames used, where known. I added the filename, where known, from one of my earliest compilations, at User:Abd/Augusto De Luca/List of user pages#By commons image, to the list above.

Were changes in filename these associated with gaps? Most of the pages were deleted by global sysops and stewards, so the data is quite incomplete, but many remained, enough to notice this:

  • There are short gaps with no filename change.
  • 2 minutes: 24/25, 108/109, 120/121
  • 3 minutes: 25/26, 123/124

There are filename changes with no gap more than one minute in the preceding times.

  • 127/128, 128/129, 156/161. 170/173, 173/179, 179/182, 188/189, 325/327, 411/413, 422/424, 424/427, 427/420, 474/475 (edits at the same time), 515/539, 559/561.

I conclude from the data that the short gaps are mot explained by a change in filename. The user was able to change the filename in a very short time. It would simply be a copy and paste into an edit screen that was then copied in total for the next edit. For the amount of data to be uploaded, one would not write a sophisticated bot, if any bot were written at all. I would not design a bot to do this work, unless I already had a bot ready to go. Creating 555 user pages is roughly 90 minute's work for a skilled human.

A bot would have relatively smooth editing times, even if it were for some reason quite slow. Under 2 edits per minute is slow for a bot; a human can easily make repetitive edits at 6 edits per minute, if the setup is easy, which it certainly was for these pages.

The editor took much more time than needed, because they did not set up account attachment first. The bulk of the user's time was likely spent logging in, forcing SUL attachment. Actually editing the page, being a page load and a simple copy and paste, was faster than login, requiring two entries per log-in if done separately for each wiki.

(I'd have loaded a series of wikis, then copied in the user names, then the passwords with save. So account attachment times would have continued to burst. They did not.)

The user, I conclude, logged in to each wiki with each edit, slowing himself down substantially, taking roughly three or four times as long as necessary. That is why there were no bursts faster than 2 edits per minute, why 2 edits per minute, except for appearance from the CA anomalies, was never sustained for more than a minute.