# Topic:Aeronautical engineering

Welcome to the department of aeronautical engineering.

Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. Originally called aeronautical engineering and dealing solely with aircraft, the broader term "aerospace engineering" has replaced the former in most usage, as flight technology advanced to include craft operating outside Earth's atmosphere.[1] In analogy with "aeronautical engineering", the branch is sometimes referred to as astronautical engineering, although this term usually only concerns craft which operate in outer space.

## Suggested structure

#### General Prerequisites

• Basic Mathematics - differentials, integrals, basic mechanics, vector algebra, matrices and matrix manipulation, total derivative (for mass and momentum equations, among others)
• Thermodynamics/Heat Transfer - Zereoth, First, Second and Third Laws, Enthalpy, Entropy, Clausius Inequality and ??, Steady State Equation, Modelling Gas Turbines/Engines, Conduction, Convection, Radiation (Black Body, Grey Body)
• Circuits/Electronics
• Physics - Forces, Gravity Equation

#### Fluid mechanics

• Aerodynamics - Derivation of shear stress on a fluid, perfect gas equation, Bernoulli equation, Langrangian and Eulerian reference frames, control volumes and control surfaces, Conservation of mass up to 3-d, balance of momentum equations up to 3-d, Aerofoils, Circulation, Mach Number & Reynold's Number, Laminar and turbulent flow, Boundary Layer and its transition
• Propulsion - Turbomachinery

#### Materials science

• Material science - Metals, Ceramics, Composites, Polymers, Ionic and Covalents
• Material Microstructure
• Properties of materials - Strength, Stiffness, Young's Modulus, Elasiticity and Modulus of Elasticity, Hardness, Toughness, Electrical Properties?
• Materials selection
• Material Processes - Annealing, Quenching, Precipitaiton Hardening, Case Hardening
• Failure - Fatigue, Creep, Fracture, Case studies (aircraft)
• Composites - matrix and fibers, explanation of directional properties, case studes (carbon fibre, kevlar, fibreglass)
• Protective Coatings - Polymers(static & nonstatic), Ceramic, Rain Erosion, Low Observable(L.O.)/Stealth

#### Aircraft design

• Basic Aircraft Performance - Air density at altitudes, Perfect Gas equation, propulsion