“[T]he main goal of terminology is not to represent concepts in order to manipulate them (as in artificial intelligence) but to define a common vocabulary we hope is consensual.” Bold added.
Notation: let the symbol Def. indicate that a definition is following.
Notation: let the symbols between [ and ] be replacement for that portion of a quoted text.
To help with definitions, their meanings and intents, there is the learning resource theory of definition.
Def. evidence that demonstrates that a concept is possible is called proof of concept.
The proof-of-concept structure consists of
- findings, and
The findings demonstrate a statistically systematic change from the status quo or the control group.
Def. "words which are not found in a dictionary", are called out-of-vocabulary words.
"A terminology can be defined as a set of designations in a subject field."
"A simple example could be a list of words describing a category, such as "types of trees", "body parts"."
“The discipline of terminology consists primarily of the following aspects:
- analysing the concepts and concept structures used in a field or domain of activity
- identifying the terms assigned to the concepts
- in the case of bilingual or multilingual terminology, establishing correspondences between terms in the various languages
- compiling the terminology, on paper or in databases
- managing terminology databases
- creating new terms, as required”.
“Terminology thus denotes a discipline which systematically studies the labelling or designating of concepts particular to one or more subject fields or domains of human activity, through research and analysis of terms in context, for the purpose of documenting and promoting consistent usage.”
The statistical significance approach "is to test whether the variation of the relative frequency of a given term t in the document collection is statistically significant." A likely variation of the relative frequency may occur for a term specific to one domain versus other domains.
“The discipline Terminology studies among other things how such terms of art come to be and their interrelationships within a culture.”
"Two-word terms [are] determined not to be of interest in the context of the whole document collection either because they do not occur frequently enough or because they occur in a constant distribution among different documents [deviation-based approach]."
"An industry term is a type of technical terminology that has a particular meaning within a specific industry. The phrase industry term implies that a word or phrase is a typical one within a particular industry or business and people within the industry or business will be familiar with and use the term."
“Although in the General Theory of Terminology the meaning of a term is a concept, the main goal of terminology is not to represent concepts in order to manipulate them (as in artificial intelligence) but to define a common vocabulary we hope is consensual.”
“Terminology is the study of terms and their use. Terms are words and compound words that in specific contexts are given specific meanings, meanings that may deviate from the meaning the same words have in other contexts and in everyday language.”
"The main objects of terminological studies are special lexical units (or special lexemes), first of all terms. They are analysed from the point of view of their origin, formal structure, their meanings and also functional features."
"Terms are used to denote concepts, therefore terminology science also concerns itself with formation and development of concepts, as well as with the principles of exposing the existing relations between concepts and classifying concepts; also, with the principles of defining concepts and appraising the existing definitions."
"Considering the fact that characteristics and functioning of [a] term depend heavily on its lexical surrounding ... it is common to view as the main object of terminology science not separate terms, but rather the whole terminology used in some particular field of knowledge".
Some "main types of special lexical units [are] nomens, terminoids, prototerms, preterms and quasiterms".
Specializations include typology, semasiology, derivatology, "comparative terminology science, terminography, functional terminology science, cognitive terminology science, [and] historical terminology science".
Two-word scientific terms may be the most common scientific terms.
"While studying nature, scientists often encounter or create new material or immaterial objects and concepts and are compelled to name them. Most of those names are known only to professionals. However, due to popularization of science, they gradually become part of common languages. Several categories of scientific terminology can be distinguished."
"[T]wo-word glossary items are the most common technical terms".
"[M]ost technical jargon is not likely to be included in a general-purpose dictionary."
"Technical terminology is the specialized vocabulary of any field, not just technical fields. The same is true of the synonyms technical terms, terms of art, shop talk and words of art, which do not necessarily refer to technology or art. Within one or more fields, these terms have one or more specific meanings that are not necessarily the same as those in common use. Jargon is similar, but more informal in definition and use. Legal technical terms, often called (legal) terms of art or (legal) words of art, have meanings that are strictly defined by law."
Theory of terms
“[A] theory of terms or terminology should deal with the terminology of a domain in its totality, because it is only with respect to individual domains that the very concept of “term” is consolidated. ... [A] theoretical study of a terminology should be accompanied by the descriptive study of a terminology, for proper descriptive studies are theories of terms.”
- Christophe Roche, Marie Calberg-Challot, Luc Damas, Philippe Rouard (October 2009). "Ontoterminology: A new paradigm for terminology, In: International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Development". Retrieved on 2012-03-21.
- Ginger Lehrman and Ian B Hogue, Sarah Palmer, Cheryl Jennings, Celsa A Spina, Ann Wiegand, Alan L Landay, Robert W Coombs, Douglas D Richman, John W Mellors, John M Coffin, Ronald J Bosch, David M Margolis (August 13, 2005). "Depletion of latent HIV-1 infection in vivo: a proof-of-concept study". Lancet 366 (9485): 549-55. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)67098-5. Retrieved on 2012-05-09.
- Youngja Park, Roy J Byrd and Branimir Boguraev (2002). Automatic Glossary Extraction: Beyond Terminology Identification, In: "Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Conference on Computational Linguistics". Morristown, New Jersey. pp. 772-8.
- (April 14, 2012) "Terminology (artifact)". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- (July 25, 2012) "Terminology". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- Ronen Feldman, Moshe Fresko, Yakkov Kinar, Yehuda Lindell, Orly Liphstat, Martin Rajman, Yonatan Schler and Oren Zamir (1998). "Text mining at the term level". Principles of Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1510 (1998): 65-73. doi:10.1007/BFb0094806. Retrieved on 2012-03-05.
- (September 11, 2012) "Technical terminology". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- (December 26, 2010) "Terminology science". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- (September 15, 2012) "Scientific terminology". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- (May 8, 2012) "Orismology". Wikipedia. San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Retrieved on 2012-09-19.
- Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law
- McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine
- West's Encyclopedia of American Law
- Kyo Kageura (2002). The Dynamics of Terminology A descriptive theory of term formation and terminological growth. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Co.. pp. 322. ISBN 90 272 2328 9. http://books.google.com/books?id=S8VdJoDe8YwC&dq=%22theory+of+terminology%22&lr=&source=gbs_navlinks_s. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
- Uwe Muegge (2007). "Disciplining words: What you always wanted to know about terminology management". Tcworld (3): 17–19. tekom.
- Sonneveld, H, Loenning, K: (1994): Introducing terminology, in Terminology, p. 1-6
- Wright, S.E.; Budin, G.: (1997): Handbook of Terminology Management, Volume 1, Basic Aspects of Terminology Management, Amsterdam, Philadelphia, John Benjamins 370 pp.
- African Journals Online
- Bing Advanced search
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- Home - Gene - NCBI
- International Astronomical Union
- Infoterm - International Information Centre for Terminology
- TermNet - International Network for Terminology
- ISO Technical Committee 37 "Terminology and other language and content resources" (ISO/TC 37)
- Terminology from the OTTIAQ website
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- Spacecraft Query at NASA.
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