Spanish 1/Chapter 6 (Food & Drink)

From Wikiversity
Jump to: navigation, search

Chapter 6 (Food & Drink)[edit]

Breakfast[edit]

  • en el desayuno - for breakfast
  • cereal - cereal
  • desayuno - breakfast
  • huevos - eggs
  • pan - bread
  • pan tostado - toast
  • banano - banana
  • salchicha - sausage
  • tocino - bacon
  • yogur - yogurt

Lunch[edit]

  • en el almuerzo - for lunch
  • ensalada - salad
  • ensalada de frutas - fruit salad
  • fresas - strawberries
  • galleta - cookie
  • hamburguesa - hamburger
  • jamón - ham
  • manzana - apple
  • naranja - orange
  • papas fritas - french fries
  • perro caliente - hot dog
  • pizza - pizza
  • queso - cheese
  • sándwich/sánduche/sánguche/emparedado - sandwich
  • sándwich de jamón y queso - ham and cheese sandwich
  • sopa de verduras - vegetable soup

Beverages[edit]

  • agua - water
  • cerveza - beer
  • café - coffee
  • jugo de manzana - apple juice
  • jugo de naranja - orange juice
  • leche - milk
  • limonada - lemonade
  • refresco - soft drink
  • - tea
  • té helado - iced tea
  • vino - wine

Note: Agua is a masculine noun, so instead of la agua, the correct form is el agua.

Dining terms[edit]

  • beber - to drink
  • comer - to eat
  • comida - food, meal
  • compartir - to share
  • nunca - never
  • siempre - always
  • todos los días - everyday

Expression words[edit]

  • Me/te encanta el/la ... - I/you love ... (singular)
  • Me/te encantan los/las ... - I/you love ... (plural)
  • Me/te gusta el/la ... - I/you like ... (singular)
  • Me/te gustan los/las ... - I/you like ... (plural)

Note: Use the plural forms when you talk about more than one thing, for example, Me gustan las papas fritas. An example of a singular sentence is, Me gusta la manzana.

Other terms[edit]

  • comprender - to understand
  • con - with
  • ¿Cúal? - Which?, What? (specific)
  • más o menos - more or less
  • por supuesto - of course
  • ¡Qué asco! - How awful!
  • sin - without
  • ¿Verdad? - Right?

Conjugating -er and -ir verbs[edit]

As with -ar verbs, conjugating -er and -ir verbs require correct pronoun usage.

Below is a list of the conjugation forms for -er and -ir verbs.

-er:

-yo: -o

-tú: -es

-usted (Ud.), él, ella: -e

-nosotros/nosotras: -emos

-vosotros/vosotras: -éis

-ustedes (Uds.), ellos, ellas: -en

An example of an -er conjugation is comer (to eat):

  • como - I eat
  • comes - you eat (singular)
  • come - he/she eats
  • comemos - we eat
  • coméis - you eat (plural)
  • comen - they eat

-ir:

-yo: -o

-tú: -es

-usted (Ud.), él, ella: -e

-nosotros/nosotras: -imos

-vosotros/vosotras: -ís

-ustedes (Uds.), ellos, ellas: -en

An example of an -ir conjugation is compartir (to share):

  • comparto - I share
  • compartes - you share (singular)
  • comparte - he/she shares
  • compartimos - we share
  • compartís - you share (plural)
  • comparten - they share

Note: The nosotros(as) and vosotros(as) ending are different. Remember that usted and ustedes are conjugating in the 3rd person form.

Remember the -ar conjugation?

-yo: -o

-tú: -as

-usted (Ud.), él, ella: -a

-nosotros/nosotras: -amos

-vosotros/vosotras: -áis

-ustedes (Uds.), ellos, ellas: -an

  • tocar - to play (an instrument)
  • toco - I play (an instrument)
  • tocas - you play (an instrument/singular)
  • toca - he/she plays (an instrument)
  • tocamos - we play (an instrument)
  • tocáis - you play (an instrument/plural)
  • tocan - they play (an instrument)

Other words[edit]

  • churro - churro
  • chocolate - chocolate
  • crema de cacahuates - peanut butter
  • pan dulce - breakfast pastry (referred to pastries served at Spanish-speaking style bakeries)
  • panqueque - pancake

Vocabulario adicional[edit]

  • aguacate - avocado
  • cereza - cherry
  • ciruela - plum
  • coco - coconut
  • durazno - peach
  • frambuesa - rasberry
  • limón - lemon
  • melón - melon
  • pera - pear
  • sandía - watermelon
  • toronja - grapefruit
  • papaya - papaya
  • mango - mango
  • piña - pineapple
  • frutas - fruits

Cultural Insight (Churros y Chocolate)[edit]

Churros served with chocolate caliente, a typical breakfast or snack in Spanish-speaking nations.

In many Spanish-speaking nations, a type of doughnut called churro is served in streetcarts or restaurants. Churro are typically fried to a crunchy consistency. Their surface is ridged due to being piped from a churrera, a syringe with a star-shaped nozzle. Churros are generally prisms in shape, and may be straight, curled or spirally twisted.

Like pretzels, churros are often sold by street vendors who in many cases will fry them freshly on the street stand and sell them hot. In Spanish-speaking countries, they are available in cafes for breakfast, although they may be found throughout the day and night as a snack. Specialized churrerías can be found as street shops or as towable wagons.

Usually, a form of hot chocolate, chocolate caliente is served with churros, it consists of ground chocolate mixed with hot milk and water and crushed almonds.

Country Focus (El Salvador)[edit]

Flag of El Salvador.svg

El Salvador (Spanish: El Salvador) is a country in Central America. The area was originally called by the Pipil "Cuzhcatl", in Spanish "Cuzcatlan", which in Nahuatl means "the land of precious things."

In the early sixteenth century, the Spanish conquistadors ventured into ports to extend their dominion to the area that would be known as El Salvador. They were firmly resisted by the Pipil and their remaining Mayan-speaking neighbors. Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Hernán Cortés, led the first effort by Spanish forces in June 1524.

noframe

The economy, based on coffee-growing after the mid-19th century, as the world market for indigo withered away, prospered or suffered as the world coffee price fluctuated. From 1931—the year of the coup in which Gen. Maximiliano Hernández Martínez came to power until he was deposed in 1944 there was brutal suppression of rural resistance. Since 1989 the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA) party, founded by Roberto D'Aubuisson, has won every presidential election.

Aerial view of San Salvador.

The country borders the Pacific Ocean between Guatemala and Honduras. With a population of approximately 5.8 million people, it is the most densely populated nation in Central America and is undergoing rapid industrialization. The Roman Catholic Church plays an important role in the Salvadoran culture.

Factbox:

-Official Language: Spanish

-Other Languages: Native American languages

-Capital: San Salvador

-Government: Democracy

-Area: 21,041 sq km (8,124 sq mi) (153rd)

Ilamatepec Volcano, one of the several volcanoes in El Salvador.

-Population: 6,134,000 (July 2009) (99th)

-Religion: Christianity (mostly Catholic) 81.9%, Buddhism 0.1%, other (Non-religious, Animism, Islam, Judaism) 10%

-Human Development: 0.747 (106th, MEDIUM)

-Independence: September 15, 1821

-Currency: U.S. Dollar