Smoking Reduction May Lead To Unexpected Quitting 
"Cutting back is approved as a method of quitting in several European countries, but not in the United States," said lead author John Hughes, M.D., a professor of psychiatry at the University of Vermont College of Medicine. "Our review contradicts the commonly held belief that quitting requires stopping abruptly and provides evidence that smokers can quit successfully by reducing the amount of cigarettes smoked." --Medical News Today, 12 Dec. 2006[]
More smoking dosage reduction options 
The following ideas for a syllabus of smoking cessation will attempt to go beyond the parameters of Hughes et al.[] ("reduction in the amount of cigarettes smoked"), start by eliminating the $igarette altogether, and substitute any of several dosage reduction options including the vaporizer, the e-cigarette, and perhaps initially, more cheaply, a screened single-toke utensil, or long-stemmed one-hitter, which offers a uniform 25-mg. serving size replacing the hot-burning-overdose 700-mg-per-lightup $igarette (or, in India, 450-mg beedi), requiring only that the user learn a simple vape-instead-of-smoke procedure.
After that initial transition, further options include exploring different types of tobacco or other herb species, breaking the habit of a single brand-- or continuing with the favorite type but staying within a disage limitation such as ten tokes per day (total 250mg.-- slightly more than one third of a present-day "normal" commercial $igarette).
If Hughes et al. are correct about a reduced number of (700-mg.)$igarettes, the above reduced number (say, ten) of reduced (25 mg. each) dosages will result in a high percent of smokers who eventually "forget to smoke any more". And those who continue "smoking" will do so with major risk-reduction, by partial if not total conversion to vaporizing.
History of smoking: not the tobacco, the $igarette is the problem 
- Relevance to Wikiversity presentation: (a) I think everyone should investigate this history, understanding how we got into the 6,000,000-a-year fix will help us get out of it;
(b) any reader including you might with luck figure out which historic ad campaign GOT YOU HOOKED in your time and reviewing that may help you kick the habit now!
For centuries, partly because tobacco was expensive, smoking pipes usually had a long stem and a narrow bowl (crater) in which it was possible to heat or burn small amounts of tobacco at a comparatively low temperature by sucking more slowly than on a present-day cigaret. Tobaccos were rare, expensive, strong-tasting and harsh compared to modern "cured" doctored "mild" $igarette tobacco designed for massive inhaling-- in past ages most users either didn't inhale or inhaled very little as shown by the small size of the pipes. .
Technology first, then marketing opportunists 
In the late 19th century $igarette-rolling machines were developed (replacing hand-rolling sweatshop laborers like Carmen in the opera), and marketers discovered they could sell much more tobacco by attracting customers to the "sanitation", "convenience", "mildness" etc. of individually machine-rolled paper tubes ("untouched by human hands") with a heavy load of specially pre-toasted mild tobaccos inside, of which one could inhale large overdoses without coughing, and get a large intake of nicotine quickly, right into the bloodstream.
Instead of learning a more sophisticated art of sucking continuously very slow, possibly for 5-15 seconds (such as w:hatha yoga/pranayama breathing), youngsters (through picture ads, movies, etc. and filtered down through peer groups) were taught to suck hard for a short time (a one-second "puff", a 2-second "pull", a 3-4 second "drag") from a device (the $igarette) which is designed to burn hot enough to keep burning and be ready, without re-lighting, for several minutes permitting further puffs. Particularly strong heroic men were supposed to be able to "drag" without flinching (as "to bogart a joint") while it burned hotter and hotter. Abusing oneself ostentatiously (like by breathing fire) relieved social anxieties by showing others, especially bullies, that one was fearless and capable of inflicting punishment (either on oneself or, by implication, on others). This was and is relevant at tough urban schools where they are looking for any reason to pick on you and you must prove you are as tough as they are.
20th C.: 200 million 
Pursuit of the magic "pleasure" (= bloodsugar-- it raises your blood glucose level) drug nicotine lured the customers on to inhale massive amounts of carbon monoxide (CO), PAH's, ammonia, tars etc. By the mid-20th century research began to show catastrophic death increases, but by that time it was too late to head off a possible 200 million human fatalities in just one century, the greatest genocide (so far) in the history of the planet.
21st C.: 1 BIL? 
The World Health Organization (May 30, 2011) estimates the current yearly $igarette death toll at 6,000,000 and predicts in a generation it could rise to 10 million (approaching a BILLION per century) as more Third World teenagers begin to have enough money to buy more overdoses and $igarette corporations step up their advertising aimed at youngsters of both sexes.
- How to reconcile above allegations with scientific evidence that shows small amounts of second- hand smoke detrimental to non-smokers in the vicinity of smokers? citations needed How do the suggested reduced doses above compare to dose ingested via second hand smoke?
- Thanks, I'll look for citations. Meanwhile, it was published in the 1970's that "side-stream" smoke(SSS)-- the part that rises directly off the tip of a cigaret, NOT the same as "second-hand" smoke (SHS)-- contains 5 times as much carbon monoxide (the no. 1 cardiovascular toxin), 5 times as much sulfur dioxide, 30 times as much ammonia etc. etc. as "main-stream"(MSS) (the part inhaled directly from the device).
Eliminate SSS; SHS not so bad 
Eliminating the $igarette format (and all other overdose smoking methods that produce more smoke than the smoker inhales such as a big wide pipe) and substituting a utensil with narrow (1/4 inch or 5.5 mm i.d.) enclosed crater (bowl) in which only a small amount (25 mg) of herb can be loaded at a time, just enough for the user to inhale in one take ("toke") and no more, eliminates the "SSS" problem. Then, it turns out, true "second-hand" smoke (SHS), that part which has been in and out through a smoker's lungs, actually contains the LEAST carbon monoxide. His/her lungs have "purified" that smoke and made it less bad for bystanders than either the SSS or the MSS. Further step-- substitute a vaporizer for smoking; learn how to vaporize with a one-hitter, etc.
- (Taboo has made it difficult for modern humans to admit to themselves that in every crowded ballroom, church, courtroom or auditorium they routinely rebreathe expired breath from other humans-- largely harmlessly of course. They look for ways to either ignore or disparage such breath, such as confusing "side-stream" with "second-hand" smoke and ignoring a vital biomedical distinction between the two. As soon as they "discover" i.e. admit the latter, there might be prompt widespread agreement on the virtues of a single-toke utensil which does eliminate side-stream but not necessary the less harmful second-hand.
The 3 fractions, proposed clarification 
- MSS = Mainstream Smoke - the part inhaled into mouth through cigaret or pipestem
- SSS = Sidestream Smoke - the part which, being lighter than ambient air, rises initially off the tip of a $igarette-- or from a $igarette or pipe just after a smoker has finished puffing on it and it is burning particularly hot. The $igarette is designed to offer continued burning and readiness for the next puff any time you want it, but only if you bring the temperature up to nearly 700C/1292F on each puff. Right after you finish a puff is when most of the sidestream smoke is released.
(Admittedly this term confuses some persons because the smoke rises directly up and does not leave the cigaret in a sideways direction except due to wind.)
- SHS = Second-hand Smoke - the part which has been breathed in and breathed out by the smoker; generally least harmful but ignorantly feared most by many.
Cigaret advertising history, or there's a sucker started every second 
An overwhelming barrage of trillion dollar advertising has been the key to recent genocidal "success" of the tobacco industry. Surplus profit from overdose addicts was recycled into seductive ads to create new addicts (ad + diction = addiction, get it?).
- In 1913, with the introduction of the Camel brand, U. S. $igarette makers launched an unprecedented advertising onslought. One source has alleged that the U.S. cigaret market doubled between 1913 and 1918. (Oh, yes, something else happened between 1914 and 1918-- a war or something. Well, cigarets were appreciated as more convenient, for soldiers worried about losing their pipe, right? General Pershing praised "tobacco" as the nation's number one soldier, or something like that. Nicotine helped soldiers stay awake when they were on guard (by paralyzing the sleep process), and focus their mind (on spying, aiming, killing etc.). Sound like a modern watchman or bureaucrat?
- The famous Eleanor Roosevelt, whose husband (also a smoker, died age 63) was U. S. Undersecretary of the Navy, was one of the kind ladies who appeared in hospitals providing free $igarettes to wounded Navy boys in 1918. (See Joseph P. Lash, Eleanor and Franklin, 1972.)
Show business showed kids how to smoke 
- When Frank Sinatra stepped out to sing, "Light Up a Lucky, It's Light-Up Time" and pre-programmed audience of pubescent girls screamed, pubescent boys listening to the radio learned that girls will respond to men who light up a smoke.
- Ronald Reagan earned future campaign money in 1937 (a picture postcard says, "Yours for Kentucky Club, (signed) Dutch Reagan"), 1943 (a magazine-page picture ad says, "Chesterfield is My Cigarette, (signed) Ronald Reagan"), etc., even though Reagan was personally a non-smoker (See Life Magazine, Dec. 1980).
- Such recruitment, slowed in the US, has accelerated in Asia-- a survey showed 89% of movies made in India (2004-5) contained depictions of tobacco use, over 70% of it by the leading stars of the picture. (The India Ministry of Health[[w:Ministry_of_Health_and_Family_Welfare_(India)]w:Indian_health_ministry], publicly embarrassed, has since promised to take action against such abuse.)
What's behind the anti-cannabis laws? 
As President, Reagan promoted the War on Drugs, really a War Against Cannabis-- an alternative herb which can substitute for tobacco. By 2007 over 872,000 Americans were arrested for cannabis "violations" in a single year, with an estimated $20 billions of dollars for all this arresting and processing law-enforcement function amply covered by over $36 billion (as complained-- or bragged?-- on an R. J. Reynolds website) collected by the selfsame government entities in the form of tobacco excise taxes, license fees, etc., not to mention campaign contributions primarily to the Republican Party, its leaders (such as Boehner: two tobacco corporation lobbyists on his advisory board)
and its candidates.
Why Big Tobackgo fears cannabis 
In ascending order:
- 2. Over 100 million persons smoke cannabis today worldwide, and it could, if legalized, readily replace tobacco among many smokers now each paying up to $4000 a year (pack a day in a high-tax US state) to that Industry;
- 1. (Much worse) because cannabis contains no overdose-addictive drug such as nicotine, many users are content to use infinitesimally small amounts, such as a 25-mg single toke, in a miniature pipe or single-toke utensil. If this conservative behavior, legalized de facto along with the cannabis, began to be adopted widely by tobacco smokers instead of the profitable 700-mg overdose $igarette (net weight not listed on the label, I weighed a Winston once to find out), the industry profit margin would be doomed.
- The above is medically disputed. THC is an active addictive element in marijuana. Further, despite the early hysteria and humor associated with propaganda like "Reefer Madness" shown in U.S. schools in the 60s and 70s, scientific studies have found a clear correlation between use of Marijuana and subsequent use of harder drugs such as cocaine, heroin, meth, etc. .
Why Big Pharma fears cannabis 
In ascending order:
- 2. Cannabis is alleged to be a viable cheap, natural substitute for many present-day highly profitable drugs;
- 1. Should cannabis legalization result in a sudden drastic reduction in deaths and illnesses caused by tobacco, due to correlative legalizing of an anti-overdose smoking utensil which can be used by tobacco smokers instead of the profitable overdose $igarette, the result could be a matching drastic reduction in $igarette-related illnesses and in the demand for high-profit drugs and treatments needed by patients suffering diseases such as high blood pressure which result from chronic $igarette overuse.
Why so many present-day cannabis users smoke a "joint" or "blunt" rather than use a conservative utensil 
- 3. Partly, of course, it's the longtime advertising, creating a profitable "synthetic tradition" which offers a glamorized grown-upness of fearlessly gesturing with a kind of symbolic torch in your hand (like a gun in typical crime drama shows-- "Winston tastes good, like a !!!! !!!! (gunshots) $igarette should!"). The hot burning overdose "joint" helps an emotionally insecure user borrow a media repertory of trucculent defiant tobacco $igarette (or gunwaving) gestures.
- 2. More recently, it is alleged that, since the 90's, tobacco companies slipped money to "wRAP" artists to include references to "blunts" in their songs. (A "blunt" is a cigar-skin with the tobacco filler discarded and an overdose of expensive cannabis rolled inside. User can pose as a hypermasculine bigshot with the big "cigar", also it's dark-colored, helping some to assert a racial identity etc. Because the cigar wrapper contains nicotine, it's a sneaky way to get youngsters hooked! (If the nicotine helps get them hooked on further drugs, prohibitionists conveniently blame that on the cannabis.) Note artist names such as "Cool" and "Tu-Pac".
- 1. The main reason is fear of the law-- it's easier to hide or dispose of a "joint" than a pipe, you aren't in danger of being arrested while they fish for evidence of something even worse to book you on, or of losing your investment in the utensil (such as a $600 vaporizer). And people say, "If the cops find one of those in here, they'll confiscate my car!"
Some legal ideas concerning utensils 
- Try to get a signed official letter from your congressman or other government official, or a prescription from a physician, authorizing you to possess and use an anti-overdose smoking utensil, on the premise that its purpose is to enable you to protect your health by REDUCING consumption.
- Keep in mind that in the U.S. no letter from an official can exempt you from equal application of statutes as written. At worst it may embroil the official in criminal conspiracy charges. 
- That being the case, LET'S remind politicians that suppressing anti-overdose smoking equipment to prevent "drug use" is like suppressing condoms to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
- Be aware that some medical cannabis users in the U.S. have found federal law enforcement willing and able to lock up medical users despite full compliance with local and state laws. I am looking for citations from California. Please find links provided below. Mirwin 02:49, 16 December 2007 (UTC)
- True, but bear in mind the above suggestions concern only possession of a utensil, for stated tobacco-reduction use, and not possession of cannabis. In the above recommended letter, and in political advocacy, maybe one could present the argument that possession of an anti-overdose utensil is evidence of the intent to be a sober responsible citizen, more within the law than a reckless self-destructive hot-burning-overdose torchbearing slave. Note: as of February 2013 legalizing states Washington and Colorado are seeking guidelines for addressing cannabis use, and it may be suggested that possession of a vaporizer or a 25-mg nano-toke utensil be required to purchase or possess cannabis legally.
The most effective way to eliminate cigaret-smoking immediately may be to acquire and use a vaporizer, which instead of burning herb material at 1500° F/860° C every time user sucks on it, can be set to heat the herb (ANY SPECIES) at an appropriate temperature (tobacco around 350F) thus avoiding all the combustion toxicity which accounts for the majority of health damage from smoking.
The top-of-the-line Volcano, selling for $600, has been endorsed by Allen F. St. Pierre, Executive Director of NORML, for medicinal cannabis patients. Note that instead of cannabis, an amount of shredded tobacco removed from a cigaret can be used, or strong pipe tobacco or a segment cut from a cigar. At first glance, the price looks steep, but consider that a pack-a-day cigaret addict is burning up over $2000 a year.
If, according to an estimate, medical consequences of $igarette smoking cost, for example, the US economy $50 billion every year, it would be cost-effective for the taxpayer to buy all 45 million $igarette addicts each a Volcano vaporizer for a one-time outlay of $27 billion. This could be paid for out of the 1998 Clinton $200B tobacco settlement money, in case any of it is left over from roads, schools, police etc.; that money was supposed to be used for stop-smoking programs.
Vaporizer Cafes 
If, in the meantime, you wish to try vaporization, there are numerous brands in the $200-$400 range which operate several different ways; where can one try more than one kind of vaporizer to decide which to buy, or get some practice and counseling so that after investing the money you don't break the device by some mistake which voids your rights under the guarantee?
One way to address this hurdle and introduce larger numbers of persons to vaporization would be to set up a franchise chain of vaporizer cafes, at any of which one can for an introductory fee try various vaporizers and have the services of a trained staff person or coach, as you learn the art of vape toke etc.
This product, developed in China, has a rechargeable battery and a heating element which vaporizes liquid nicotine, alone with propylene glycol to create a smoke-like fog after each toke, and other flavorings so you can get one which tastes like a cigar, or a Marlboro etc. At under $100 each and 5 cartridges for $10 it is a cheaper way to get started than a vaporizer.
Single-toke utensil 
For most of the 1.2 billion smokers worldwide, vaporizers may not be affordable immediately so it would certainly be cheaper to manufacture several billion miniature "smoking" utensils, which if made from metal or pyrex glass, deserve to be named semi-vaporizers, for if while sucking extremely slow the user holds a moderate lighter flame the right distance below the top opening of the crater-head, (A) heating the glass or metal wall (conduction), (B) heating the air going in (convection), much of the herb essence will have time to vaporize out from each particle being heated or, once burning has started, by adjacent burning particles, before that particle itself catches on fire.
Selection of appropriate mini-utensil 
- The premier qualifying attribute is smallness of the burning chamber (bowl, or to make it sound smaller, crater). The narrower the diameter of the crater, the lower a burning temperature can be achieved while sucking as slowly as possible through an extension tube-- and you will get all the smoke, eliminating side-stream smoke (ETS).
- Ideal crater size is 1/4 inch/6- or 6.5-mm. i.d., with a Mesh-40 (40 windows per linear inch) wire screen sitting at a depth of 3/16 inch/4 mm. This is small enough to permit a 25-mg.(1/40 gram) single serving-- 28 of these from one broken-down cigaret.
- The extension tube should be very long to provide maximum distance for heated aerosol (smoke) to travel cooling down before it reaches your trachea. The fancy tubes used on hookahs are acceptable, or some clear flexible p.v.c. tubing.
Two O.K. traditional types 
Used in Japan since about 1600, this has a wrought metal crater-head and mouthpiece with a long stretch of bamboo in between. Get a cylindrical-shaped crater instead of conical so your screen will sit securely inside. For a store marketing kiseru on line (and a special Japanese type of stringy tobacco like corn silk), see [].
A small pipe of Arabian origin, in which dokha is smoked, a confection of tobacco and other herbs. Especially popular in the U.A.E. where teenagers are said to be converting from cigarets, in the wake of smoking bans introduced in September 2007. You might attach a long hookah tube when using it.
Consider making your own 
- The easiest utensil to make features a quarter-inch (or 6 mm. or 6.5 mm.) socket wrench. Wedge a screen 3/16"/4 mm. down into the hex end and cram a long quarter-inch o.d. flexible tube up into the square (driver) end. Tape around to air-seal the crack. Use 1-mm. colorful plastic-shielded telephone wires (the kind in grey cables, that you find being thrown away when houses are remodeled) to wrap around the taped area, then form a 5-inch braid leading out to a big safety-pin. This will be handy every time you need to clear screen windows.
- Use a brass barbed hose-nipple (to get your quarter-inch diameter crater, you may start with one that is too narrow and drill it wider with a quarter-inch Speedbor drill bit in a variable speed electric drill). The extension tube slips tight over the barbed end.
- With oxy-acetyl flame, a 1/4-inch o.d. carbon rod (for crater-shaping) and needle-nose tongs, it is easy to make little Pyrex glass utensils of about the same shape as the hose-nipple described above, stretching out a narrow tip over which the flexible tube fits. Get some instruction first in safe use of the equipment.
- With a set of diamond masonry drill bits in an electric hammer-drill, making first smaller, then larger and larger holes, it is possible to produce a crater-head from a beautiful hard stone pebble, imitating the interior shape of a socket wrench with the narrower mid-channel.
- In a hardwood bead or branch segment you can make a quarter-inch crater, to a depth of 3/16"/4 mm., with a narrower mid-channel as above, or narrowing down further leading to a tightly inserted 3/16" brass tube segment as an exit arm over which the extension tube fits. You can get away with not lining the wood crater because you are burning so little herb at such a low temperature!
- To use a beautiful piece of softwood, drill a 9/32" crater-hole to depth of 3/16" and slip a ring of brass tube, 9/32" o.d., 1/4" i.d., down inside it. You'll need a tube-cutter (cheap) to make a ring 3/16" long. Many elaborate forms of toker can be made of wood using telescoping sizes of brass tubing (esp. 3/16", 7/32", 1/4", 9/32" outer diameters) available from K & S Engineering, Chicago [].
- Jan. 31, 2008: cannabis-advocacy organizations such as NORML should be lobbied to invest their advocacy power in legalizing and legitimizing an anti-overdose utensil, as described above, for everyone who can not afford to buy a vaporizer or have one confiscated by "tobacco enforcement" officials.
Preparation of herb 
- Make your first decisive "break" with the overdose habit by carrying just one or two cigarets around instead of a whole pack (20)!
- Tear a tiny amount of tobacco off the tip of a cigaret and put it in the screened 1/4" crater. The shredded tobacco found in most cigarets will do just fine!
- Pipe and cigar tobaccoes, and other herb species, may require to be first sifted through a Mesh #16 screen strainer (window size = 1/16th-inch/1.6-mm.), producing uniform-sized smooth-burning particles. Don't smoke any larger chunks. Suggestions for sifting very delicate expensive herb species are found in "Re Manufacturing", on the Talk Page of Wikipedia Article, "Kief" [[[w:Talk:Kief]]].
Directions for use 
- First practice sucking continuously very slow for up to 15 seconds through an unlit utensil (after perhaps consulting articles about hatha yoga breathing exercises).
- Use a lighter instead of matches-- you may need to light more than once.
- After loading a long-stemmed utensil, hold it crater-upright and, while sucking slowly, bring the lighter flame near very briefly, more than once if necessary, only enough to get the material just barely going.
- Then, while sucking, with the metal shield at the head of the lighter (another reason why matches won't do) tap the top of the crater several times, shaking the coal (burning herb) so that it falls downward into a compact mass over the operative screen center windows and continues burning to completion.
- After burning appears exhausted, briefly light once again to finish any unburned material.
- Guess what-- you can suck out and eat the ashes (even tobacco, if completely burned)-- they contain nutritious minerals which combustion has rendered more digestible. (Why pass up any benefit or enjoyment?) Swish the material around on your tongue to get an idea of the taste. Scratching the screen with the maintenance utensil (see above) will loosen up remaining ashes for this purpose.
- If no one's looking, breathe in and out of a bag (Breathbonnet)several times. Remember, your aim is to make this 25-mg. single toke substitute for an entire 700-mg. cigaret!
- (With cigarets, of course, the "official" (i.e. expensively advertised) method has always been to hold the flame near for a second or two while sucking hard enough to get the entire tip burning at 1500° F/860° C.-- and that's seven inches from your trachea! No, not to make it "smoother", "better tasting" or anything, but just to get it started burning on its own power so it doesn't go out until you have had those 9-10 more overdose "puffs" they have taught you to want-- which are the KEY TO ADDICTION.
- (They want you to feel guilty about throwing some away without "using it up", but you wouldn't dare put it out for later use and try to carry it with you on a bus, would you? Yukh.)
- Your long slow low-burning-temperature toke may last 5-15 seconds. (If in doubt, consult a hatha yoga expert.) By contrast, a "puff" on a hot-burning cigaret usually means about 1-2 seconds, and a "drag" is 2-4 seconds. (Think a moment how hot that gets. Humphrey Bogart died age 57 of cigaret cancer. What a drag.)
Further harm reduction tips 
Double toke 
With a two-stemmed utensil and a partner, the following surprising benefits are available:
- While burning the same 25-mg. serving size, each partner sucks twice as slow-- twice the yoga training.
- Each partner gets half the heat,
- making it twice as mild!
- You need the encouragement/resocialization. (Think of the advertising money spent making you think overdose cigarets or "joints" were something shared or sociable. Instead, victims were isolated, each with their own thumb-suckin' cigaret, living in a fantasy world of fear of germs or whatever.)
Paperwork-- not the rolled kind 
Many smoking cessation experts recommend keeping a diary. Here's how it works with your reduction utensil program:
- On a single line, after maybe just the date, write a "t" for each single toke you did and a capital "C" for each entire cigaret. It will look something like this:
- Monday, September 12: ttCtttCtttttCttt (etc.)
- All those little "t"'s and big "C"'s will keep reminding you that you are "Ctttttin' down!"
Other brands 
- Try substitutin' tobacco from other cigaret brands (trade off one-for-one with this friend and that friend, etc.!) and get knowledgeable about different tastes in your new format.
- Try high-nicotine brands, including exotic imports.
- Try cigar and pipe tobaccoes (use that 1/16th-inch screen sifter). Get a collection of little cannisters to carry the different tobacco types in.
Herbal alternatives 
Here's a list of smokable herbs, almost all legally available from health food stores, usually buyable by the ounce or a few ounces in a package at lower prices than the tobacco marketed in $igarettes.
- (*)Starred items of appropriate dryness should be broken down in a blender at slow speed before sifting through a 1/16"-mesh screen (sieve), unless the supplier has already done so.
- Any chunks too large to go through the sifter go in the "pot"-- the tea pot, I mean. Any dust so fine it would clog the crater-screen of your single-toke utensil may be separated out with a 1/30"-mesh sifter and used to co-flavor your next crockpotload of veggie stew.
- If you wish to toke your "dust" because it is expensive high-value kief loaded with trichomes, use a sharp pin to gently scratch the screen of your utensil to reopen all central windows after each serving.
Please add further information to this list-- both names of herbs you know about (original research encouraged) and how to sift, prepare and serve them in a vaporizer, one-hitter or other suitable utensil.
- camomile, catnip (Nepeta cataria. Actually, there are over 250 species of genus Nepeta, probably all usable), *chaparrel or creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). One living Arizona specimen of this shrub is allegedly 11,600 years old), clover, comfrey, corn silk (wait till they get brown and chop them down)
- Just about any dried flower petal salvaged from a wedding or funeral...
- Hundreds of other good herbs can be tracked down in herb guide books and websites.
- At the end of the summer, gather dry brown leaves from your favorite trees and bushes. (Grinding usually needed; store in little cannisters properly labeled on top). Get to know nature right in your neighborhood more safely than with illegal carbon-monoxide leaf-bonfires.
- Concerning the #1 Alternative herb:
(a) keep and use such small quantities you're unlikely to get caught or ticketed,
(b) use such small quantities it can hardly do any harm,
(c) keep a few tokes in a cannister with the name "Oregano" or other legalese on the top to satisfy a rogue cop or literal-minded stoolpigeon.
Like, real drugs 
- The War on drugs is there to protect you from trying concentrated pharmaceutical weapons like cocaine and heroin; meanwhile have you ever tried toking a little bit of coca leaf? poppy petal? Could a 25 mg. single toke of one of those possibly be more dangerous than 200 sledgehammer overdoses of carbon monoxide a day (reckoning 10 puffs x 20 cigarets)?
It's break time-- does the following "KOOL" (-ool, -al, kill all etc.) profile fit you? 
Fetal = fatal 
Frankie or his successors got your mother hooked on smoking $igarettes, or on spending time with hooked males, or on being seen hearing cool music in scenes where it was necessary to sit inhaling sidestream smoke from dozens of $igarettes, i.e. you as egg (ovum) were already chronically exposed to nicotine even decades before you were conceived and born.
It started in school-- or in the schoolyard, among bullies, where the key to escaping being bullied was to be "cool"-- i.e. inconspicuous, impassive, undemonstrative, unemotional, someone they can't "get a rise out of". Nicotine constricts the capillary system so the blood vessels leading to the skin carry 40% less warmth (to drive flushing, quivering or other evidence of emotion) and you're really "cool".
(Yep-- this word is really a derivative of "cool" with a processing prefix added. "Cool" is the major part of what many kids really learn at school.)
Not at first, but once you have inhaled enough side-stream smoke hanging out with the cool kids, or sucked a few sucker-hits yourself, one of those nights arrives when the big test is the next day!-- and you know if you smoke a few cigarets you will be able to stay awake and cram all night, or slog through writing the tedious source-theme that is due tomorrow. This is the critical Sleep-Suppression-Emergency (SSE) moment when true crutch-dependence is established. Fortunately you're grown-up enough now, i.e. no more beginner symptoms-- Chills, Nausea, Dizziness, Faintness-- your immune system's resistance is blown away, and you can take it like a man. Excellent "training" for a post-schooling military career where everything may depend on not falling asleep through millions of hours on guard when "nothing happens" (quote from some famous WWI British poem?).
Well, after all, if you don't qualify to get into that Ivy League college you'll never get the diploma needed to qualify for the high paying job, after your parents spent so much money on you & now they are counting on you to be a source of economic security in their old age!
They probably won't like your cigaret smoking but... "Well, I guess it means he's going to settle down and get a steady job." (Besides, it might help you hide your cannabis use-- watch it, they've seen all those Drugfree Partnership scare ads.) Your dad will threaten; your mother will burst into tears. "Please don't throw away all we did for you, we'll die soon enough and then you can do anything you damn please!"
Marriage ritual 
If kissing scares you (the Propa & Ganda Co. taught you to fear germs), it's less disgusting if both partners do something even more disgusting first, i.e. a $igarette, you're USED to that.
Playboy Magazine cartoons often show someone in bed, after sex, smoking a $igarette. That might not directly improve sex, rather is counted on to "cool" the seething inner quagmire of unresearchable post-childhood emotional turmoils that sabotage sex.
Feeling full 
"Reach for a Lucky instead of a sweet."-- 30's jingle. Nicotine (snack-eatin') is said to reduce cravings to munch on (or substitute for) fattenin' foods. Many, especially women, fear to quit due to warnings that they will gain weight. Harold Washington Syndrome: according to Salim Muwakkil, writing in In These Times, Harold spent a career appearing at innumerable dinners showing solidarity by eating good old Soul Food. At the height of his power (1987) his heart doctors forced him to quite smoking; his weight balloned to 284, he bent over to pick up a pencil,could neither get up nor breathe, and it was over. Would Harold have lived if he had been prescribed a Choomette long-stemmed single-toke utensil and a gram (40 tokes) of oregano?
Career tool 
What steroids are to a notorious big time athlete, nicotine is to the stayawake bureaucrat busywork hireling. You need the money; survival is the issue. "Stay awake, look busy, fool the boss, bring home paycheck." Final payoff: in the last decade of your life you may have to pass on much of that money to doctors, hospitals, drug companies, etc. in order to squeeze out a few more years, see a grandchild or two and disappear safely into the "average" lifespan statistics leaving a depleted estate for their coolege oops sorry college needs.
What about weight gain? 
Today one of the most controversial grounds for dependency on smoking is weight control. Can a dosage reduction without quitting be the key to maintaining weight control without paying the overdose-disease price for it?
- Keep a small knife in your purse or briefcase for cutting easily carried things like pears, apples, etc. Let long chewing episodes with a mouthful of veggies replace the 5-10 minutes that you used to keep a cigaret going.
- If you open a can of beef stew, use it as a flavoring and budget yourself a week to use it up. Program meat and junk foods etc. to be used in small amounts or occasionally. Carry zapsacks (ziplock bags) with you to put meat or heavily oversalted, oversugared foods in, to take safely to your distant refrigerator, instead of eating them on the spot out of megadose guilt.
- PLEASE ADD FURTHER HINTS TO THIS LIST.
Quitting through short-term memory reduction 
- The nicotine addict is a prodigy athlete of scheming and planning. He or she takes on tons of mental exercise just planning when and where the next cigaret, the next ten cigarets, etc. will be served up, and how and when the next pack will be purchased. (Even a major percentage of car mileage consists of driving somewhere where cigarets are sold at any hour, etc., adding in all the further esoteric bureaucracy-- parking and unparking, not losing the car keys etc.))
- Something can be done to unlearn that obsessive mental grip on the schedule, the sequence of smoking breaks etc. littering the available waking time of addicts. One (1) toke of any other herb than tobacco (not just cannabis, many others listed above) can break the grip of this overcommitted memory function, which is the body's response to a nicotine overdose.
- In the first minutes after any toke, if there is any short span of time when it is necessary to wait for something, try to fill up that interval with a few isometric (small muscular) exercises, and mentally count how many you do as they are going on.
- Spend a few hours each week learning long-term material, such as music, through memorization practice. Reading a score or libretto while hearing music (do-it-yourself audio-visual) provides practice in the form of mental coordination effort. Singing in a choir or congregation supplies the same kind of exercise. The better you know any song or piece, the more easily it can draw you into exercising spontaneously, should that same tune emerge in your mind at an opportunte time. Conductors, who read scores while hearing music, are said to have the longest life span in western society. They study a piece until they have a merging of identity with it which is expressed in their rhythmic arm movements conducting, and so an identity of present-moment exercise and 1ong-term memory is achieved.
- Socially obligatory eating rituals and how to escape them, or the Haro1d Washington Syndrome (in preparation)