A school is a large organizational structure which can contain various departments and divisions. The departments and divisions should be listed in the departments and divisions section. The school should not contain any learning resources. The school can contain projects for developing learning resources.
The Social Work Profession
Social work is a human service profession that emerged early in the twentieth century. Today the profession of social work covers a wide variety of social and human service related fields. The primary connection between various forms of social work are the social work code of ethics. This code of ethics seeks to improve human and social conditions and alleviate human distress, suffering, and social problems. Social work is a caring profession that is both client-centered and grounded in sociological, psychological, and ecological approaches to social problems. Social Work seeks to mediate problems between individuals and their environment.
The Goals of Social Work
Social work seeks to enhance social functioning of individuals, groups, families, organizations, communities,and nations.
Social work as a profession focuses on improving service delivery through networking and resource developement. Clinical social workers provide therapeutic and psychiatric services, as well as linkages to resources that bridge the gap between success and failure of clients.
Social workers promote social and economic justice through development of social policy and programs.
Social Work seeks to satisfy basic human needs that are necessary for human physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, social, and identity growth.
The Definition of Social Work Practice
From Working Definition of Social Work Practice (1958) National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Commission on Practice:
"The social work method is the responsible, conscious, disciplined use of self in relationship with an individual or group. Through this relationship the practitioner facilitates interaction between the individual and his social environment with a continuing awareness of the reciprocal effects of one upon the other. It facilitates change: (1) within the individual in relation to his social environment; (2) of the social environment in its effect upon the individual; (3) of both the individual and social environment in their interaction." (p. 7)
Divisions and Departments
Divisions and Departments of the School exist on pages in "topic" namespace. Start the name of departments with the "Topic:" prefix; departments reside in the Topic: namespace. Departments and divisions link to learning materials and learning projects. Divisions can link subdivisions or to departments. For more information on schools, divisions and departments look at the Naming Conventions.
- Medical and Rehabilitation
- Mental Health
- Informational and Referral
- Corrections and Justice
- School and Educational
- Children & Families
- Public Health
- Income Maintenance
- Community Organizing
- Theoretical and Research
- Topic:Working With Diverse and Marginalized Populations Diversity and Marginalized Population
- Abuse Prevention / Survivor Services
- Topic:Harm Reduction Alternative to Medico-Legal Model
Basic Theoretical Approaches
Empowerment Model - the "Process of increasing personal , interpersonal, and political power so that individuals, families, and communities can take action to improve their situations." (Gutierrez 1994 p. 209)
Strength Based Perspective - Social Work seeks to focus on individual, family, and community strengths and competency. This is in contrast to other professions which focus on deficits or maladaptive functioning (pathology). Focusing on strengths gives people the power to build on what resources they already posses, what skills and competencies they have already mastered to overcome the obsticles they are faced with. (Saleebey, 1992)
Working Collaboratively - Collaborative work requires Social Work to recognize that each client is the expert in their own life. That clients have the most knowlege as to what their needs are, and what resources they need to access. Collaborative work ensures that clients are invested in the outcomes of interventions, by giving them joint responsibility and recognizing their abilities and potential to suceed.
Client Centered Approach - Client Center approach seeks to focus on the needs of clients and to let their needs and abilities guide social work practice. Client centered approach ensures that interventions are collaborative and individualized. Client Centered Approach seeks to empower the individual to direct the invervention and assess what resources they need.
Person-In-Environment - Social Work seeks to recognize both the client (person), their environment, and the interaction between them. Coined by Florence Hollis (1964) Person-In-Environment (PIE) or "the person-in-the situation" stresses a person's physical, social, and psychological realities as well as the social relatities that both define and limit that person. Social Workers seek to examine both the personal, and the social aspects of all 'Problems' be they social problems, or personal ones. Most intervention happens at the individual level, while system approaches to problem solving seek mainly to improve individual functioning.
EcoSystems Approach - Similar to Person-in Environment Ecosystems approach seeks to intervene at a level of systems. Developed in the 1970's and 1980's Ecosystems approach seeks to identify and improve ecological conditions. This approach was developed by Meyer, Germain and Gitterman, and Maluccio.
Meyer (1988): The paradigm on ecosystems "considers environmental variables as interrelated and reciprocal with the person variables, and therefore environmental intervention must be included among the treatments of choice." (p.287)
Germain (1979): "In an ecological view, [social work]practice is directed at improving transactions beweeen people and environments in order to enhance adaptive capacities and improve environments for all who function within them" (pp. 7-8)
The histories of Wikiversity pages indicate who the active participants are. If you are an active participant in this school, you can list your name here (this can help small schools grow and the participants communicate better; for large schools it is not needed).