Cognitive philology is the science that studies written and oral texts as the product of human mental processes. Therefore, studies in cognitive philology compare documentary evidence emerging from textual investigations with results of experimental research, especially in the fields of cognitive and ecological psychology, neurosciences and artificial intelligence. Cognitive philology:
- investigates transmission of oral and written text, and categorization processes which lead to classification of knowledge, mostly relying on the information theory;
- studies how narratives emerge in so called natural conversation and selective process which lead to the rise of literary standards for storytelling, mostly relying on embodied semantics;
- explores the evolutive and evolutionary role played by rhythm and metre in human ontogenetic and phylogenetic development and the pertinence of the semantic association during processing of cognitive maps;
- Provides the scientific ground for multimedia critical editions of literary texts.
Among the founding fathers and noteworthy scholars devoted to such investigations: Gilles Fauconnier, Alan Richardson, David Herman and Mark Turner in the USA; Benoît de Cornulier and François Recanati in France; Manfred Jahn in Germany; Paolo Canettieri, Domenico Fiormonte, Anatole Pierre Fuksas and Luca Nobile in Italy; Julián Santano Moreno in Spain.
See also 
- Cognitive linguistics
- Information Theory
- Cognitive Psychology
- Cognitive Poetics
- Cognitive rhetoric
- Artificial Intelligence