Motivation and emotion/Tutorials/Self and goals/Instructor notes

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These are some instructor notes and tips about running this tutorial.

This tutorial was run in 2010 for this first time, with three tutorial groups.


  1. Write the tutorial outline on the whiteboard:
    1. Student motivation (related to I-E motivation)
    2. Learned optimism (related to Personal control)
    3. Life effectiveness (related to Self)
    4. Textbook chapter - Advanced searching

Student motivation[edit]

  1. I-E motivation may be overly simplistic
  2. Ask for main motivations for going to university (could be approach, could be avoidance)
  3. Are each of these I or E? (some are debatable)
  4. Complete survey
  5. Explain motivations and outcomes (match) ~ satisfaction
  6. Explain Functionalist perspective (Clary & Snyder) e.g., in the context of volunteer motivations (e.g., Lifeline counseling)
  7. Explain implications for organisational management (e.g., recruiting, training, management)

Learned optimism[edit]

  1. Introduce Martin Seligman and journey from learned helplessness (was challenged why 1/3 didn't learn helplessness) to learned optimism which breathed life into the positive psychology movement in the 1990s
  2. Take LOT and score
  3. Discuss the three dimensions (Permanence, Pervasiveness, Personalisation), as well as Hope and overall Optimism/Pessimism
  4. Note: There seems to be a problem with the calibration of the instrument - ask students who feels that their final score was more pessimistic than how they see themselves? (Almost all hands go up).

Database searching[edit]

  1. Not many used UCanSearch
  2. 1/3 used Google Scholar

Ideas not used[edit]

  1. Goals (not currently covered)
  2. Feedback (not currently covered) e.g., article summary and discussion of The power of feedback (Hattie & Timberley, 2007)
  3. LEQ