Jumping

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Jumping is a form of movement in which a body propels itself through the air along a ballistic trajectory. Jumping should be distinguished from running because in jumping the entire body is temporarily airborne by the relatively long duration.

Jump exercise in a gym, Hollywood.
Two-year-old boy jumping animation.

Some animals, such as the kangaroo, employ jumping as their primary form of locomotion, while others, such as frogs, use it only as a means to escape predators. Jumping is also a key feature of various activities and sports, including the long jump, high jump, and show jumping.

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Classification[edit]

One way to classify jumping is by the manner of foot transfer.[1] In this classification system, five basic jumping forms are distinguished:

  • Jump - jumping from and landing on two feet
  • Hop - jumping from one foot and landing on the same foot
  • Leap - jumping from one foot and landing on the other foot
  • Assemble - jumping from one foot and landing on two feet
  • Sissonne - jumping from two feet and landing on one foot
  • Bound - a leap onward or upward

References[edit]

  1. Study Guide for Elementary Labanotation by Peggy Hackney, Sarah Manno (Editor), Muriel Topaz (Editor)