Fire and emergency management/Airport Rescue Fire Fighter/Fire Suppression

From Wikiversity
Jump to: navigation, search

Terminal Objective Extinguish a 23.2 m2 (250 ft2) aircraft fuel spill fire, given PrPPE, a minimum of a 45 kg (100 Ib) dry chemical fire extinguisher, and procedures, so that the agent is applied according to procedures and the fire is extinguished in 25 seconds.

Enabling Objectives The fire behavior of aircraft fuels in spills and pools, physical properties, characteristics of aircraft fuel, agent application rates, densities, and procedures.

Enabling Objectives Operate dry chemical extinguishers equipped with a hose line, including removing and operating hose and applying agent.

Terminal Objective Extinguish an aircraft fuel spill fire, given PrPPE, an assignment, agent application procedures, an ARFF vehicle hand line flowing a minimum of 359 L/min (95 gpm) of AFFF extinguishing agent, and a fire sized to the flow rate used [AFFF flow rate divided by 4.92 L/min/m2 for fire size in square meters (0.13 gpm/min/ft2 for fire size in square feet)], so that the agent is applied using the prescribed techniques and the fire is extinguished in a time proportionate to, but no longer than, 90 seconds for a 73 m2 (786 ft2) fire with a flow rate at 359 L/min (95 gpm). (A) Requisite Knowledge. The fire behavior of aircraft fuels in pools, physical properties and characteristics of aircraft fuel, and agent application rates and densities.

Enabling Objectives. Operate fire streams and apply agent.

Terminal Objective Extinguish an aircraft fuel spill fire, given an assignment, PrPPE, an ARFF vehicle turret flowing a minimum of 946 L/min (250 gpm), a fire sized to the flow rate used [AFFF flow rate divided by 4.92 L/min/m2 for fire size in square meters (0.13 gpm/min/ft2 for fire size in square feet)], and the procedures for agent application, so that the agent is applied according to procedures and the fire is extinguished in a time proportionate to, but no longer than, 90 seconds for 192 m2 (1923 ft2) fire with a flow rate at 946 L/min (250 gpm).

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Operation of ARFF vehicle agent delivery systems, the fire behavior of aircraft fuels in pools, physical properties and characteristics of aircraft fuel, the procedures for agent application, and agent application rates and densities.

Enabling Objectives Apply fire-fighting agents and streams using ARFF vehicle turrets.

Terminal Objective Extinguish a three-dimensional aircraft fuel fire as a member of a team, given a team, PrPPE, an assignment, ARFF vehicle hand line(s) using primary and secondary agents, and agent application procedures, so that a dual-agent attack is used, the agent is applied according to procedures, the fire is extinguished, and the fuel source is secured.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. The fire behavior of aircraft fuels in three-dimensional and atomized states, physical properties and characteristics of aircraft fuel, agent application rates and densities, agent application procedures, and methods of controlling fuel sources.

Enabling ObjectivesOperate fire streams and apply agents, and secure fuel sources.

Terminal ObjectiveAttack a fire on the interior of an aircraft while operating as a member of a team, given a team, PrPPE, an assignment, an ARFF vehicle hand line, an extinguishing agent, and a 1 or other means of accessing the aircraft, so that team integrity is maintained, the attack line is deployed for advancement, ladders or other means are used, access is gained into the fire area, effective agent application practices are used, the fire is approached, attack techniques facilitate suppression given the level of the fire, hidden fires are located and controlled, hazards are avoided or managed, and the fire is brought under control.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Techniques for accessing the aircraft interior according to the aircraft type, methods for advancing hand lines from an ARFF vehicle, precautions to be followed when advancing hose lines to a fire, observable results that a fire stream has been applied, dangerous structural conditions created by fire, principles of exposure protection, potential long-term consequences of exposure to products of combustion, physical states of matter in which fuels are found, common types of accidents or injuries and their causes, the role of the backup team in fire attack situations, attack and control techniques, and techniques for exposing hidden fires.

Enabling Objectives Deploy ARFF hand line on an interior aircraft fire; gain access to aircraft interior; open, close, and adjust nozzle flow and patterns; apply agent using direct, indirect, and combination attacks; advance charged and uncharged hose lines up ladders and up and down interior and exterior stairways; and locate and suppress interior fires.

Terminal Objective Attack an engine or auxiliary power unit/emergency power unit (APU/EPU) fire on an aircraft while operating as a member of a team, given PrPPE, an assignment, ARFF vehicle hand line or turret, a correct agent, and agent application procedures, so that agent application procedures are followed, the fire is extinguished, and the engine or APU/EPU is shut down.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Techniques for accessing the aircraft engines and APU/EPUs, safety procedures, methods for advancing hand line from an ARFF vehicle, methods for operating turrets, and methods for shutting down engine and APU/EPU operation.

Enabling Objectives Deploy and operate ARFF hand line, operate turrets, gain access to aircraft engine and APU/EPU, and shut down engine and APU.

Terminal Objective Attack a wheel assembly fire, as a member of a team, given PrPPE, a team, an assignment, an ARFF vehicle hand line, and correct agent, so that the fire is extinguished.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Agent selection and application procedure, special safety considerations, and the characteristics of combustible metals.

Enabling Objectives Approach the fire in accordance with safety procedures, and select and apply agent.

Terminal Objective Ventilate an aircraft through available doors and hatches while operating as a member of a team, given PrPPE, an assignment, tools, and mechanical ventilation devices, so that openings are created, all ventilation barriers are removed, and the heat and other products of combustion are released.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Aircraft access points; principles, advantages, limitations, and effects of mechanical ventilation; the methods of heat transfer; the principles of thermal layering within an aircraft on fire; and the techniques and safety precautions for venting aircraft.

Enabling Objectives Operate doors, hatches, and forcible entry tools; operate mechanical ventilation devices; and remove barriers.

Terminal Objective Replenish extinguishing agents while operating as a member of a team, given an assignment, an ARFF vehicle, a fixed or mobile water source, a supply of agent, and supply lines and fittings, so that agents are available for application by the ARFF vehicle within the time established by the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ).

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Resupply procedures, operation procedures for ARFF vehicle replenishment, and pumps and transfer devices.

Enabling Objectives Connect hose lines, operate valves, and operate pumps and transfer devices.

Terminal Objective Preserve the aircraft accident scene, given an assignment and procedures, so that evidence is identified, protected, and reported according to procedures.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Airport emergency plan requirements for preservation of the scene, evidence identification, evidence protection, and evidence reporting procedures.

Enabling Objectives Preserve the scene for investigators, and identify, protect, and report evidence.

Terminal Objective Overhaul the accident scene, given PrPPE, an assignment, hand lines, and property conservation equipment, so that all fires are located, exposed, and extinguished and all property is protected from further damage.

(A) Requisite Knowledge. Methods of complete extinguishment and prevention of re-ignition, reasons for conservation, operating procedures for property conservation equipment, overhaul procedures, signs of a hidden fire, methods of detecting hidden fires, and tools and equipment used for overhaul.

Enabling Objectives Use property conservation equipment, detect hidden fires, and use tools and equipment to expose hidden fires.