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What is grammar?
Grammar is a field of linguistics that comprises the rules of language. These rules are always changing and differ from area to area and from language to language.
Subfields of Grammar/Lingustics
There are multiple sub-fields of Grammar/Linguistics. These subfields include:
Parts of Speech
There are nine different parts of speech.
- noun - a word that names a person, place, or thing (examples: fireman, church, computer, friendship)
- verb - a word that describes an action or state of existence (examples: run, jump, like, want, is)
- pronoun - a word that is used in place of a noun (examples: I, you, he, she, we, they)
- adjective - a word that describes a noun (examples: big, red, dark)
- adverb - a word that modifies a verb or adjective (when, where, how) (examples: quickly, yesterday, everywhere)
- preposition - a word that connects a noun or pronoun to a sentence (examples: on, at, by, as, after)
- conjunction - a word that links two words, phrases, or sentences (example: and, or, because)
- interjection - a word that conveys emotion (example: ahem!, egad!, ouch!)
- articles - a word that introduces a noun (example: a,an,the)
A simple subject is a noun that tells who or what the sentence is about. Usually a simple subject is one word. Read the following example sentence: Bob jumped. In the sentence Bob is the simple subject. Bob is the who or what of the sentence. Read the following example sentence: Bob the basketball star jumped three feet in the air. Bob is still the simple subject of the sentence.
Confusing words and expressions
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