Birthstones

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Birthstones from 1-clockwise starting from January.

About[edit]

Study on Birthstones as they are listed in a various cultures, texts, websites, etc.

To do[edit]

  1. Collect sources and basic info.
  2. Images, background.

Goals[edit]

Summarize findings, categorized by claim, source, cultures, eras.

Findings[edit]

Individual claims[edit]

January[edit]

Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry; A New Year's Day feast including Jean de Berry.

Garnets Wikipedia Commons Category /ˈɡɑrnət/ are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives. The word garnet comes from 14th‑century Middle English word gernet meaning 'dark red,' from the Latin granatus, from granum ('grain, seed') + suffix atus, possibly a reference to mela granatum or even pomum granatum ('pomegranate',[1] scientific name: Punica granatum), a plant whose fruits contain abundant and vivid red arils, are similar in shape, size, and color to some garnet crystals.[2]

Garnet is said to be symbolic of desire.[3]

Called the "traditional birthstone" of January in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] Garnet is listed as the birthstone in It Happens in the Month of January, a book series described as "everything you ever wanted to know about each month."[5] It is also listed as Garnet in the 2013 Standard Catalog of World Coins 2001 to Date,[6] in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Emerald Wikipedia Commons Category is a variety of the mineral beryl colored green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium.[8] The word "Emerald" is derived (via Old French: Esmeraude and Middle English: Emeraude), from Vulgar Latin: Esmaralda/Esmaraldus, a variant of Latin Smaragdus, which originated in Greek: σμάραγδος (smaragdos; "green gem").[9]

Emerald is listed is the "mystical birthstone" in From Satan's Crown to the Holy Grail: Emeralds in Myth, Magic, and History.[10]

Rose quartz is considered the "secondary birthstone" of January in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

February[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry février.jpg

Amethyst is said to be associated with good luck, humor, and health.[3]

Amethyst is called the "traditional birthstone" of February in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] and is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[7] It is also listed in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Onyx is considered the "secondary birthstone" of February in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

March[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry mars.jpg

Aquamarine is associated with comprehension and happiness.[3]

It is called the "traditional birthstone" of March in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] and it is also listed in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Bloodstone is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[7] It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of March in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

April[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry avril.jpg

Diamond is associated with desire and connection.[3]

Diamond is called the "traditional birthstone" of April in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Crystal quartz is considered the "secondary birthstone" of April in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

May[edit]

Frères Limbourg - Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry - mois de mai - Google Art Project.jpg
Emerald[edit]

Emerald is called the "traditional birthstone" of May in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4] It is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Chrysoprase[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of May in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

June[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry juin.jpg
Agate[edit]

Agate is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[7]

Pearl[edit]

Pearl is called the "traditional birthstone" of June in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] and it is listed in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Moonstone[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of June in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

July[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry juillet.jpg
Ruby[edit]

Ruby is called the "traditional birthstone" of July in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4] It is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Carnelian[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of July in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

August[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry aout.jpg
Peridot[edit]

Peridot is called the "traditional birthstone" of August in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] and it is listed in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Sardonyx[edit]

Sardonyx is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[7] It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of August in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

September[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry septembre.jpg
Sapphire[edit]

Sapphire is called the "traditional birthstone" of September in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4] It is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Lapis Lazuli[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of September in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

October[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry octobre.jpg
Opal[edit]

Opal is called the "traditional birthstone" of October in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] It is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Pink tourmaline[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of October in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

November[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry novembre.jpg
Topaz[edit]

Topaz is called the "traditional birthstone" of November in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] and is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[7]

Lemon quartz[edit]

Citrine, a type of quartz, is listed as the birthstone in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3] It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of November in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

December[edit]

Les Très Riches Heures du duc de Berry décembre.jpg
Turquoise[edit]

Turquoise is called the "traditional birthstone" of December in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects,[4] It is listed as the birthstone in an 1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.,[7] and in an astrology based cook-book Romance Cooking: Unlocking the Secrets of Seducing Mars Or Venus.[3]

Blue topaz[edit]

It is considered the "secondary birthstone" of December in Easy Birthstone Jewelry: 38 Exciting Projects.[4]

Full claims[edit]

Claim January February March April May June July August September October November December
1870 pamphlet by Tiffany & Co.[11] Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Diamond Emerald Agate Ruby Sardonyx Sapphire Opal Topaz Turquoise
Judaism[12] Garnet Amethyst Jasper Sapphire Chaldedony
Carnelian
Agate
Emerald Onyx Carnelian Chrysolite Aquamarine Topaz Ruby
Romans[12] Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Sapphire Agate Emerald Onyx Carnelian Sardonyx Aquamarine Topaz Ruby
Isidore Bishop of Seville[12] Hyacinth Amethyst Jasper Sapphire Agate Emerald Onyx Carnelian Chrysolite Aquamarine Topaz Ruby
Arabians[12] Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Sapphire Emerald Agate
Chalcedony
Pearl
Carnelian Sardonyx Chrysolite Aquamarine Topaz Ruby
Poles[12] Garnet Amethyst Bloodstone Diamond Emerald Agate
Chalcedony
Ruby Sardonyx Sardonyx Aquamarine Topaz Turquoise
Russians[12] Garnet
Hyacinth
Amethyst Jasper Sapphire Emerald Agate
Chalcedony
Ruby
Sardonyx
Alexandrite Chrysolite Beryl Topaz Turquoise
Chrysoprase
Italians[12] Jacinth
Garnet
Amethyst Jasper Sapphire Agate Emerald Onyx Carnelian Chrysolite Beryl Topaz Ruby
15th to 20th Century[12] Garnet Amethyst
Hyacinth
Pearl
Jasper
Bloodstone
Diamond
Sapphire
Emerald
Agate
Cat's-eye
Turquoise
Agate
Turquiose
Onyx
Sardonyx
Carnelian
Moonstone
Topaz
Chrysolite Beryl
Opal
Topaz
Pearl
Ruby
Bloodstone

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Sources[edit]

Online sources[edit]